In this protocol

适用说明:本说明书适用于KAPA mRNA HyperPrep试剂盒 (08098115702,08098123702) 和 KAPA mRNA Capture试剂盒 (07962231001, 07962240001)。
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Product Description

The KAPA mRNA HyperPrep Kit for Illumina sequencing contains all of the buffers and enzymes required for poly(A) mRNA capture and the rapid construction of stranded mRNA-Seq libraries from 50 ng – 1 µg of intact total RNA via the following steps:

  1. mRNA capture using magnetic oligo-dT beads;
  2. fragmentation using heat and magnesium;
  3. 1st strand cDNA synthesis using random priming;
  4. combined 2nd strand synthesis and A-tailing, which converts the cDNA:RNA hybrid to double-stranded cDNA (dscDNA), incorporates dUTP into the second cDNA strand, and adds dAMP to the 3' ends of the resulting dscDNA;
  5. adapter ligation, where dsDNA adapters with 3' dTMP overhangs are ligated to library insert fragments; and
  6. library amplification, to amplify library fragments carrying appropriate adapter sequences at both ends using high-fidelity, low-bias PCR. The strand marked with dUTP is not amplified, allowing strand-specific sequencing.

The kit provides KAPA Pure Beads for reaction cleanups, along with all of the enzymes and buffers required for mRNA capture, cDNA synthesis, library construction and amplification, but does not include RNA or adapters. KAPA Adapters are sold separately.

Reaction buffers are supplied in convenient formats comprising all of the required reaction components. This minimizes the risk of RNase contamination, ensures consistent and homogenous reaction composition, and improves uniformity among replicate samples. Similarly, a single enzyme mixture is provided for each step of the library construction process, reducing the number of pipetting steps.

In order to maximize sequence coverage uniformity and to maintain relative transcript abundance, it is critical that library amplification bias be kept to a minimum. KAPA HiFi DNA Polymerase has been designed for low-bias, high- fidelity PCR, and is the polymerase of choice for NGS library amplification1, 2, 3, 4. The KAPA mRNA HyperPrep Kit includes KAPA HiFi HotStart ReadyMix (2X) and Library Amplification Primer Mix (10X) for library amplification.

  1. Oyola, S.O., et al., BMC Genomics 13, 1 (2012).
  2. Quail, M.A., et al., Nature Methods 9, 10-11 (2012).
  3. Quail, M.A., et al., BMC Genomics 13, 341 (2012).
  4. Ross, M.G., et al., Genome Biology 14, R51 (2013).

Product Applications

The KAPA mRNA HyperPrep Kit is designed for both manual and automated NGS library construction from 50 ng-1 µg of intact total RNA. The protocol is applicable to a wide range of RNA-Seq applications, including:
• gene expression;
• single nucleotide variation (SNV) discovery;
• splice junction and gene fusion identification; and
• characterization of polyadenylated RNAs.


This kit is not compatible with small RNAs < 100 bp in length.

Process Workflow


  • Library Construction Protocol

    1. Reagent Preparation
      This protocol takes approximately 5.5 h to complete. Ideally, master mixes for the various steps in the process should be prepared as required.

      For maximum stability and shelf-life, the enzymes and reaction buffers are supplied separately in the KAPA mRNA HyperPrep Kit.

      For a streamlined protocol, a reagent master mix with a minimum of 10% excess is prepared for each of these enzymatic steps, as outlined in Tables 2-5. Volumes of additional reagents required for the KAPA mRNA HyperPrep Kit protocol are listed in Table 6.

      Always ensure that KAPA Pure Beads and PEG/NaCl Solution are fully equilibrated to room temperature before use.

      Table 2. 1st strand synthesis


      Table 3. 2nd strand synthesis and A-tailing


      Table 4. Adapter ligation


      Table 5. Library amplification


      Table 6. Volumes of additional reagents required


    2. mRNA Capture
      This protocol requires 50 ng-1 µg of intact total RNA, in 50 µL of RNase-free water. Degraded or fragmented total RNA will result in significant 3'-bias.

      This protocol has been optimized to isolate mature mRNA from total RNA through two subsequent capture steps using mRNA Capture Beads. Other RNA molecules with homopolymeric adenosine regions may also be isolated.

      RNA samples should only be kept on ice where specified in this protocol, since low temperatures may promote non-specific capture, resulting in increased rRNA levels in the captured mRNA.

      Before starting, equilibrate mRNA Capture Beads, mRNA Bead Binding Buffer, mRNA Bead Wash Buffer and Fragment, Prime and Elute Buffer (2X) to room temperature.

      Before use, beads must be washed with mRNA Bead Binding Buffer (Steps 2.1-2.5).

      2.1
      Resuspend the mRNA Capture Beads thoroughly by pipetting up and down gently, or by using a vortex mixer on a low to medium speed setting to prevent foaming. High-speed vortexing or shaking should be avoided to prevent foaming. Refer to Important Parameters: mRNA Capture Beads for more information.
      2.2
      For each library to be prepared, transfer 52.5 µL (50 µL + 5% excess) of the resuspended mRNA Capture Beads into an appropriate tube. When preparing multiple libraries, beads for up to 24 libraries (1,260 µL) may be washed in a single tube. When preparing more than 24 libraries, wash beads in multiple batches. Please refer to Important Parameters: mRNA Capture Beads for additional recommendations regarding bulk bead washing.
      2.3
      Place the tube on a magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Carefully remove and discard the supernatant, and replace it with an equal volume of mRNA Bead Binding Buffer (52.5 µL per library).
      2.4
      Remove the tube from the magnet and resuspend the beads by pipetting up and down, or by low to medium speed vortexing. Be careful to avoid producing excessive foam.
      2.5
      Place the tube on the magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Carefully remove and discard the supernatant, and replace it with an equal volume of mRNA Bead Binding Buffer (52.5 µL per library).
      2.6
      Remove the tube from the magnet and resuspend the beads by pipetting up and down, or by low to medium speed vortexing. Be careful to avoid producing excessive foam.
      2.7
      For each RNA sample to be captured, transfer 50 µL of resuspended mRNA Capture Beads into individual tubes or wells of a plate.
      2.8
      To each well/tube, add 50 µL of the appropriate RNA sample (in RNase-free water).
      2.9
      Mix thoroughly by gently pipetting up and down several times.
      2.10
      Place the plate/tube(s) in a thermocycler and perform the 1st mRNA capture as follows:


      2.11
      Place the plate/tube(s) containing the mixture of mRNA Capture Beads and RNA, on a magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Remove and discard the supernatant.
      2.12
      Remove the plate/tube(s) from the magnet and resuspend thoroughly in 200 µL of mRNA Bead Wash Buffer by pipetting up and down several times.
      2.13
      Place the plate/tube(s) on the magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Remove and discard the supernatant.
      2.14
      Resuspend the beads in 50 µL of RNase-free water.
      2.15
      Place the plate/tube(s) in a thermocycler and perform the 2nd mRNA capture as follows:


      2.16
      Add 50 µL of Bead Binding Buffer to the mixture of mRNA Capture Beads and RNA, and mix thoroughly by gently pipetting up and down several times.
      2.17
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at 20 °C for 5 min.
      2.18
      Place the plate/tube(s) on the magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Remove and discard the supernatant.
      2.19
      Remove the beads from the magnet and resuspend in 200 µL of mRNA Bead Wash Buffer by pipetting up and down several times.
      2.20
      Place the plate/tube(s) on the magnet and incubate at room temperature until the solution is clear. Remove and discard the entire volume of supernatant.
      Caution: carryover of mRNA Bead Wash Buffer may inhibit 1st strand cDNA synthesis.

    3. mRNA Elution, Fragmentation and Priming
      3.1
      Prepare the required volume of Fragment, Prime and Elute Buffer (1X) at room temperature as follows:


      3.2
      Thoroughly resuspend the mRNA Capture Beads with captured mRNA prepared in step 2.20 in 22 µL of Fragment, Prime and Elute Buffer (1X).
      SAFE STOPPING POINT
      Resuspended beads with captured mRNA may be stored at 2 °C to 8 °C for ≤ 24 h. Do not freeze the samples as this will damage the beads. When ready, proceed to Step 3.3.
      3.3
      Place the plate/tube(s) in a thermocycler and carry out the fragmentation and priming program given in the table below:


      3.4
      Immediately place the plate/tube(s) on a magnet to capture the beads, and incubate until the liquid is clear.
      Caution: to prevent hybridization of poly(A)-rich RNA to the capture beads, do not allow the sample to cool before placing on the magnet.
      3.5
      Carefully remove 20 µL of the supernatant containing the eluted, fragmented, and primed RNA into a separate plate or tube.
      3.6
      Place the plate/tube(s) on ice and proceed immediately to 1st Strand Synthesis (Step 4).

    4. 1st Strand Synthesis
      4.1
      On ice, assemble the 1st strand synthesis reaction as follows:


      4.2
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on ice, mix thoroughly by gently pipetting the reaction up and down several times.
      4.3
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) using the following protocol:


      4.4
      Place the plate/tube(s) on ice and proceed immediately to 2nd Strand Synthesis and A-tailing (Step 5).

    5. 2nd Strand Synthesis and A-tailing
      5.1
      On ice, assemble the 2nd strand synthesis and A-tailing reaction as follows:


      5.2
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on ice, mix thoroughly by gently pipetting the reaction up and down several times.
      5.3
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) using the following protocol:


      5.4
      Place the plate/tube(s) on ice and proceed immediately to Adapter Ligation (Step 6).

    6. Adapter Ligation
      6.1
      Dilute adapters in preparation for ligation, targeting the following concentrations:


      6.2
      On ice, set up the adapter ligation reaction as follows:


      6.3
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on ice, mix thoroughly by pipetting the reaction up and down several times.
      6.4
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at 20 °C for 15 min.
      6.5
      Proceed immediately to 1st Post-ligation Cleanup (Step 7).

    7. 1st Post-ligation Cleanup
      7.1
      Perform a 0.63X bead-based cleanup by combining the following:


      7.2
      Mix thoroughly by vortexing and/or pipetting up and down multiple times.
      7.3
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 5-15 min to bind DNA to the beads.
      7.4
      Place the plate/tube(s) on a magnet to capture the beads. Incubate until the liquid is clear.
      7.5
      Carefully remove and discard 175 µL of supernatant.
      7.6
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      7.7
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      7.8
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol.
      7.9
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      7.10
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      7.11
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol. Try to remove all residual ethanol without disturbing the beads.
      7.12
      Dry the beads at room temperature for 3-5 min, or until all of the ethanol has evaporated.
      Caution: over-drying the beads may result in reduced yield.
      7.13
      Remove the plate/tube(s) from the magnet.
      7.14
      Thoroughly resuspend the beads in 50 µL of 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.0-8.5).
      7.15
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 2 min to elute DNA off the beads.
      SAFE STOPPING POINT The solution with resuspended beads can be stored at 2 °C to 8 °C for ≤ 24 h. Do not freeze the beads, as this can result in dramatic loss of DNA. When ready, proceed to 2nd Post-ligation Cleanup (Step 8).

    8. 2nd Post-ligation Cleanup
      8.1
      Perform a 0.7X bead-based cleanup by combining the following:


      8.2
      Mix thoroughly by vortexing and/or pipetting up and down multiple times.
      8.3
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 5-15 min to bind DNA to the beads.
      8.4
      Place the plate/tube(s) on a magnet to capture the beads. Incubate until the liquid is clear.
      8.5
      Carefully remove and discard 80 µL of supernatant.
      8.6
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      8.7
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      8.8
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol.
      8.9
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      8.10
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      8.11
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol. Try to remove all residual ethanol without disturbing the beads.
      8.12
      Dry the beads at room temperature for 3-5 min, or until all of the ethanol has evaporated.
      Caution: over-drying the beads may result in reduced yield.
      8.13
      Remove the plate/tube(s) from the magnet.
      8.14
      Thoroughly resuspend the beads in 22 µL of 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.0-8.5).
      8.15
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 2 min to elute DNA off the beads.
      8.16
      Place the plate/tube(s) on a magnet to capture the beads. Incubate until the liquid is clear.
      8.17
      Transfer 20 µL of the clear supernatant to a new plate/tube(s) and proceed to Library Amplification (Step 9).
      SAFE STOPPING POINT 
      The purified, adapter-ligated library DNA may be stored at 2 °C to 8 °C for ≤ 1 week, or frozen at -15 °C to -25 °C for ≤ 1 month. When ready, proceed to Library Amplification (Step 9).

    9. Library Amplification
      9.1
      Assemble each library amplification reaction as follows:


      9.2
      Mix well by pipetting up and down several times.
      9.3
      Amplify the library using the following thermocycling profile:

      *Optimization of the annealing temperature may be required for non-standard (i.e., other than Illumina TruSeq®) adapter/primer combinations.

      Table 1. Recommended library amplification cycles


      9.4
      Proceed immediately to Library Amplification Cleanup (Step 10).

    10. Library Amplification Cleanup
      10.1
      Perform a 1X bead-based cleanup by combining the following:


      10.2
      Mix thoroughly by vortexing and/or pipetting up and down multiple times.
      10.3
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 5-15 min to bind DNA to the beads.
      10.4
      Place the plate/tube(s) on a magnet to capture the beads. Incubate until the liquid is clear.
      10.5
      Carefully remove and discard 95 µL of supernatant.
      10.6
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      10.7
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      10.8
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol.
      10.9
      Keeping the plate/tube(s) on the magnet, add 200 µL of 80% ethanol.
      10.10
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) on the magnet at room temperature for ≥ 30 sec.
      10.11
      Carefully remove and discard the ethanol. Try to remove all residual ethanol without disturbing the beads.
      10.12
      Dry the beads at room temperature for 3-5 min, or until all of the ethanol has evaporated. 
      Caution: over-drying the beads may result in reduced yield.
      10.13
      Thoroughly resuspend the dried beads in 22 µL of 10 mM Tris-HCl (pH 8.0-8.5).
      10.14
      Incubate the plate/tube(s) at room temperature for 2 min to elute DNA off the beads.
      10.15
      Place the plate/tube(s) on the magnet to capture the beads. Incubate until the liquid is clear.
      10.16
      Transfer 20 µL of the clear supernatant to a new plate/tube(s), and store the purified, amplified libraries at 2 °C to 8 °C for ≤ 1 week or at -15 °C to -25 °C.
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