Protocols in Current Issue
    Attachment of a 32P-phosphate to the 3′ Terminus of a DNA Oligonucleotide
    Authors:  Joshua C. Cofsky and Jennifer A. Doudna, date: 10/20/2020, view: 2709, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Biochemical investigations into DNA-binding and DNA-cutting proteins often benefit from the specific attachment of a radioactive label to one of the two DNA termini. In many cases, it is essential to perform two versions of the same experiment: one with the 5′ DNA end labeled and one with the 3′ DNA end labeled. While homogeneous 5′-radiolabeling ...
    Estimation of the Minimum Number of Replication Origins Per Chromosome in any Organism
    Author:  Marcelo S. da Silva, date: 10/20/2020, view: 2206, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Eukaryote nuclear genomes predominantly replicate through multiple replication origins. The number of replication origins activated per chromosome during the S-phase duration may vary according to many factors, but the predominant one is replication stress. Several studies have applied different approaches to estimate the number and map the ...
    Conjugation Protocol Optimised for Roseburia inulinivorans and Eubacterium rectale
    Authors:  Paul O. Sheridan, Jennifer C. Martin and Karen P. Scott, date: 04/05/2020, view: 3190, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Roseburia and Eubacterium species of the human gut microbiota play an important role in the maintaince of human health, partly by producing butyrate, the main energy source of our colonic epithelial cells. However, our knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology of these bacteria has been limited by a lack of genetic ...
    Quantification of Densities of Bacterial Endosymbionts of Insects by Real-time PCR
    Author:  Daisuke Kageyama, date: 10/05/2017, view: 8475, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Increased attention has been paid to the endosymbiotic bacteria of insects. Because most insect endosymbionts are uncultivable, quantitative PCR (qPCR) is a practical and convenient method to quantify endosymbiont titers. Here we report a protocol for real-time qPCR based on SYBR Green I fluorescence as well as some tips to prevent possible ...
    Detection of Pathogens and Ampicillin-resistance Genes Using Multiplex Padlock Probes
    Authors:  Rick Conzemius and Ivan Barišić, date: 08/20/2017, view: 7418, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Diagnostic assays for pathogen identification and characterization are limited either by the number of simultaneously detectable targets, which rely on multiplexing methods, or by time constraints due to cultivation-based techniques. We recently presented a 100-plex method for human pathogen characterization to identify 75 bacterial and fungal ...
    Tagged Highly Degenerate Primer (THDP)-PCR for Community Analysis of Methane- and Ammonia-oxidizing Bacteria Based on Copper-containing Membrane-bound Monooxygenases (CuMMO)
    Authors:  Jian-Gong Wang, Fei Xia, Jemaneh Zeleke, Bin Zou and Zhe-Xue Quan, date: 06/20/2017, view: 7189, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] We describe a two-step PCR strategy using tagged highly degenerate primer (THDP-PCR) targeting copper-containing membrane-bound monooxygenases (CuMMO) genes for community analysis of methane- or ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. This strategy consists of a primary CuMMO gene-specific PCR followed by a secondary PCR with a tag as a single primer. This ...
    Human, Bacterial and Fungal Amplicon Collection and Processing for Sequencing
    Author:  Julia Oh, date: 05/20/2015, view: 11509, Q&A: 3
    [Abstract] Sequencing taxonomic marker genes is a powerful tool to interrogate the composition of microbial communities. For example, bacterial and fungal community composition can be evaluated in parallel using the 16S ribosomal RNA gene for bacteria or the internal transcribed spacer region in fungi. These are conserved regions that are universal to a ...
    Purification and Sequencing of DNA Guides from Prokaryotic Argonaute
    Authors:  Daan C. Swarts, Edze R. Westra, Stan J. J. Brouns and John van der Oost, date: 11/20/2014, view: 13373, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Some proteins utilize nucleic acids to guide them to complementary nucleic acid targets. One example is prokaryotic Argonaute protein, which, binds small single stranded DNA molecules as guides (Swarts et al., 2014). This protocol describes a method to purify DNA guides from these proteins. It also describes a PCR-based method to enrich ...

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