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Cancer Biology

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    3D Culture Protocol for Testing Gene Knockdown Efficiency and Cell Line Derivation
    Authors:  Jan Strnadel, Sang Myung Woo, Sunkyu Choi, Huawei Wang, Marian Grendar and Ken Fujimura, date: 06/05/2018, view: 863, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Traditional 2D cell cultures with cells grown as monolayers on solid surface still represent the standard method in cancer research for drug testing. Cells grown in 2D cultures, however, lack relevant cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions and ignore the true three-dimensional anatomy of solid tumors. Cells cultured in 2D can also undergo ...
    Primary Cultures from Human GH-secreting or Clinically Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas
    Authors:  Roberto Würth, Alessandra Pattarozzi, Federica Barbieri and Tullio Florio, date: 04/05/2018, view: 830, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Pituitary adenomas are among the more frequent intracranial tumors usually treated with both surgical and pharmacological–based on somatostatin and dopamine agonists–approaches. Although mostly benign tumors, the occurrence of invasive behaviors is often detected resulting in poorer prognosis. The use of primary cultures from human pituitary ...
    FACS-based Isolation of Neural and Glioma Stem Cell Populations from Fresh Human Tissues Utilizing EGF Ligand
    Authors:  Jessica Tome-Garcia, Fiona Doetsch and Nadejda M. Tsankova, date: 12/20/2017, view: 2021, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Direct isolation of human neural and glioma stem cells from fresh tissues permits their biological study without prior culture and may capture novel aspects of their molecular phenotype in their native state. Recently, we demonstrated the ability to prospectively isolate stem cell populations from fresh human germinal matrix and glioblastoma ...
    Isolation and Separation of Epithelial CD34+ Cancer Stem Cells from Tgfbr2-deficient Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    Authors:  Heather A. McCauley and Géraldine Guasch, date: 09/05/2017, view: 2140, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Most epithelial tumors have been shown to contain cancer stem cells that are potentially the driving force in tumor progression and metastasis (Kreso and Dick, 2014; Nassar and Blanpain, 2016). To study these cells in depth, cell isolation strategies relying on cell surface markers or fluorescent reporters are essential, and the isolation ...
    Isolation of Primary Breast Cancer Cells from HER2 Transgenic Mice
    Authors:  Shou Liu and Hexin Chen, date: 10/05/2016, view: 4333, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] HER2 is a tyrosine kinase receptor, which is overexpressed in about 30% of breast cancer patients. Its overexpression leads to mammary tumorigenesis and increased invasion and metastasis (Slamon et al., 1987). HER2 transgenic mouse (FVB/N-MMTVneu mouse) is a well-established model of mammary tumor in human (Fantozzi and Christofori, ...
    Isolation and Flow-cytometric Analysis of Mouse Intestinal Crypt Cells
    Authors:  Dayanira Alsina-Beauchamp, Paloma del Reino and Ana Cuenda, date: 11/05/2015, view: 6151, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The intestinal epithelial layer forms tubular invaginations into the underlying connective tissue of the lamina propria. These structures, termed crypts, are the basic functional unit of the intestine. Colon crypts and the surrounding lamina propria house different cell types, including epithelial cells, stem cells, enterocytes, goblet cells, as ...
    Glioma Associated Stem Cells (GASCs) Isolation and Culture
    [Abstract] Glioma Associated Stem Cells (GASCs) represent a population of non-tumorigenic multipotent stem cells hosted in the microenvironment of human gliomas. In vitro, these cells are able, through the release of exosomes, to increase the biological aggressiveness of glioma-initiating cells. The clinical importance of this finding is supported ...
    Osteogenic and Adipogenic Differentiation of Osteosarcoma Cells
    Authors:  Upal Basu-Roy, Claudio Basilico and Alka Mansukhani, date: 12/20/2012, view: 14046, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Osteosarcomas are the most common primary, non-hematologic malignant tumors in childhood and adolescence, comprising almost 60% of all bone sarcomas. Although these tumors are osteoblastic in nature, the characteristics of the specific tumor-initiating cells are unclear. Osteosarcomas contain highly proliferative undifferentiated malignant cells ...