Plant Science

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Transient Expression Assay in Strawberry Fruits
    Authors:  Mengting Pi, Qi Gao and Chunying Kang, date: 06/05/2019, view: 1029, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Strawberry, including the woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca (2x) and the cultivated strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa, 8x), has emerged as a model system for studying fruit development and ripening. Transient expression provides a quick assay for gene functions or gene interactions. In strawberry, ...
    Visualization of Plant Cell Wall Epitopes Using Immunogold Labeling for Electron Microscopy
    Author:  Mateusz Majda, date: 04/05/2019, view: 1339, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Plant cell walls consist of different polysaccharides and structural proteins, which form a rigid layer located outside of the plasma membrane. The wall is also a very dynamic cell composite, which is characterized by complex polysaccharide interactions and various modifications during cell development. The visualization of cell wall components in ...
    Live Confocal Imaging of Brachypodium Spikelet Meristems
    Author:  Devin Lee O'Connor, date: 09/20/2018, view: 1972, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Live confocal imaging of fluorescent reporters and stains in plant meristems provides valuable measurements of gene expression, protein dynamics, cell polarity, cell division, and growth. The spikelet meristem in the grass Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is well suited to live imaging because of the ease of dissection, small ...
    Fabrication and Use of the Dual-Flow-RootChip for the Imaging of Arabidopsis Roots in Asymmetric Microenvironments
    [Abstract] This protocol provides a detailed description of how to fabricate and use the dual-flow-RootChip (dfRootChip), a novel microfluidic platform for investigating root nutrition, root-microbe interactions and signaling and development in controlled asymmetric conditions. The dfRootChip was developed primarily to investigate how plants roots interact ...
    Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth of Arabidopsis thaliana: In vitro and Semi in vivo Methods
    Authors:  Hugh Dickinson, Josefina Rodriguez-Enriquez and Robert Grant-Downton , date: 08/20/2018, view: 4977, Q&A: 2
    [Abstract] Studies of pollen germination and post-germination development are not only essential for understanding plant reproduction but also are an excellent model system for tip-based growth. Here we describe easy, reproducible methods for germination and growth of pollen from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana in artificial conditions. Our ...
    A Modified Approach for Axenic Cultivation of Spores of Fern Adiantum capillus-veneris L. with High Germination Rate
    Authors:  Yuan Ya-Ning, Yi Shu, Jin Wan-Ting and Fang Yu-Han, date: 07/05/2018, view: 1738, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Spores are the primary way of spread and reproduction for ferns, a clade of seed-free vascular plants. However, no detailed protocol for ferns spore cultivation has been reported yet. Here we provide a modified approach for axenic cultivation of fern Adiantum capillus-veneris L., based on Cao’s and Li’s method (Cao, et al., 2010; ...
    Micro-computed Tomography to Visualize Vascular Networks in Maize Stems
    Authors:  Akiteru Maeno and Katsutoshi Tsuda, date: 01/05/2018, view: 3937, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Plant vascular systems in the stem connect roots with aerial organs to move solutes containing minerals, nutrients as well as signaling molecules, and therefore, they play pivotal roles in plant growth and development. However, stem vascular systems, especially in crop species, have been poorly described since they are deeply embedded in the ...
    Investigating the Shape of the Shoot Apical Meristem in Bamboo Using a Superellipse Equation
    Authors:  Qiang Wei and Peijian Shi, date: 12/05/2017, view: 2900, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The shoot apical meristem is the origin of bamboo wood. Its structure and morphology are important for maintaining the normal development of bamboo wood. However, the traditional method to describe the morphology of the shoot apical meristem in bamboo or other plants only depends on qualitative approaches. Here we present a protocol for precisely ...
    Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Imaging to Determine Inflorescence Initiation and Development in Olive
    Authors:  Amnon Haberman, Einat Zelinger and Alon Samach, date: 10/05/2017, view: 4018, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Here we present a protocol that describes how to image the structure of the olive axillary bud meristem with a scanning electron microscope (SEM) in order to characterize its identity and developmental stage. Briefly, the specimen is fixed with glutaraldehyde, saturated with ethanol, dried in a critical point dryer (CPD) system, dissected, coated ...
    Non-invasive Protocol for Kinematic Monitoring of Root Growth under Infrared Light
    [Abstract] Phenotyping the dynamics of root responses to environmental cues is necessary to understand plant acclimation to their environment. Continuous monitoring of root growth is challenging because roots normally grow belowground and are very sensitive to their growth environment. This protocol combines infrared imaging with hydroponic cultivation for ...



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