Stem Cell


Protocols in Current Issue
Protocols in Past Issues
0 Q&A 3683 Views Jun 20, 2021

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have been extensively used in the fields of developmental biology and disease modeling. CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in iPSC lines often has a low frequency, which hampers its application in precise allele editing of disease-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), especially those in the noncoding parts of the genome. Here, we present a unique workflow to engineer isogenic iPSC lines by SNP editing from heterozygous to homozygous for disease risk alleles or non-risk alleles using a transient and straightforward transfection-based protocol. This protocol enables us to simultaneously obtain pure and clonal isogenic lines of all three possible genotypes of a SNP site within about 4 to 5 weeks.

0 Q&A 10679 Views Jul 20, 2019
Neuronal processes have an RNA composition that is distinct from the cell body. Therefore, to fully understand neuronal biology in health and disease we need to study both somas, dendrites and axons. Here we describe a detailed protocol of a newly refined method, Axon-seq, for RNA sequencing of axons (and dendrites) grown in isolation using single microfluidic devices. We also detail how to generate motor neurons from mouse and human pluripotent stem cells for sequencing, but Axon-seq is applicable to any neuronal cell. In Axon-seq, the axons are recruited through a growth factor gradient, lysed and directly processed to cDNA without RNA isolation. A careful bioinformatic step ensures that any soma-contaminated samples are easily identified and removed.
6 Q&A 17032 Views Oct 5, 2018
Shuttling of proteins between different cellular compartments controls their proteostasis and can contribute in some cases to regulate their activity. Biochemical analysis of chromatin-bound proteins, such as transcription factors, is often difficult because of their low yield and due to the interference from nucleic acids. This protocol describes a method to efficiently fractionate cells combined with a mechanical (i.e., sonication) or an enzymatic treatment (i.e., benzonase) that facilitates analysis of chromatin-bound protein extracts by Western blot analysis or by protein pull-down assays. This approach can be valuable to enrich a particular protein within a particular subcellular fraction either to study specific post-translational modification patterns or to identify specific protein-protein interactions.
0 Q&A 11153 Views Nov 20, 2017
Neuronal electrical properties are often aberrant in neurological disorders. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs)-derived neurons represent a useful platform for neurological disease modeling, drug discovery and toxicity screening in vitro. Multi-electrode array (MEA) systems offer a non-invasive and label-free platform to record neuronal evoked-responses concurrently from multiple electrodes. To better detect the neural network changes, we used the Axion Maestro MEA platform to assess neuronal activity and bursting behaviors in hiPSC-derived neuronal cultures. Here we describe the detailed protocol for neuronal culture preparation, MEA recording, and data analysis, which we hope will benefit other researchers in the field.

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