Protocols in Current Issue
    Assessments of HLA-I Specificities of Anti-HLA-I Monoclonal Antibodies Using Solid Phase Bead Arrays
    Authors:  Anita J. Zaitouna, Daniel S. Ramon and Malini Raghavan, date: 06/20/2020, view: 639, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Human leukocyte antigen class I (HLA-I) molecules are a group of structurally-related cell surface proteins with a high degree of variability within the population. While only up to six variants are expressed in an individual person, the whole population contains thousands of different variants. The ability to distinguish specific variants is ...
    Cell-based Assay for Recruitment of DDR1 to Collagen-coated Beads
    Authors:  Victoria Juskaite and Birgit Leitinger, date: 08/20/2019, view: 1669, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The discoidin domain receptors, DDR1 and DDR2, are key signaling receptors for the extracellular matrix protein collagen. The interactions of cells with collagen are difficult to study because of the difficulty to obtain native collagen fibers for in vitro studies. Thus, in vitro studies often use acid-soluble collagens in the ...
    Tryptophan Fluorescence Quenching Assays for Measuring Protein-ligand Binding Affinities: Principles and a Practical Guide
    Authors:  Anthony Yammine, Jinlong Gao and Ann H. Kwan, date: 06/05/2019, view: 6769, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Tryptophan fluorescence quenching is a type of fluorescence spectroscopy used for binding assays. The assay relies on the ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of tryptophan residues within a protein that results from changes in the local environment polarity experienced by the tryptophan(s) upon the addition of a binding partner or ligand. ...
    Fluorescence Titrations to Determine the Binding Affinity of Cyclic Nucleotides to SthK Ion Channels
    Authors:  Philipp A.M. Schmidpeter and Crina M. Nimigean, date: 10/05/2018, view: 4527, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The cyclic-nucleotide modulated ion channel family includes cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) and hyperpolarization-activated and cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels, which play essential roles in visual and olfactory signaling and the heart pacemaking activity. Functionally, these channels have been extensively characterized by ...
    Isothermal Titration Calorimetry: A Biophysical Method to Characterize the Interaction between Label-free Biomolecules in Solution
    Author:  Andrea Saponaro, date: 08/05/2018, view: 14065, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] This protocol can be applied to analyze the direct interaction between a soluble protein and a target ligand molecule using Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC, Malvern). ITC allows the biophysical characterization of binding between label-free, non-immobilized and in-solution biomolecules by providing the stoichiometry of the interaction, the ...
    Hydrogen Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Oxygen Sensitive Proteins
    Authors:  Luke Berry, Angela Patterson, Natasha Pence, John W. Peters and Brian Bothner, date: 03/20/2018, view: 5281, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The protocol detailed here describes a way to perform hydrogen deuterium exchange coupled to mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) on oxygen sensitive proteins. HDX-MS is a powerful tool for studying the protein structure-function relationship. Applying this technique to anaerobic proteins provides insight into the mechanism of proteins that perform oxygen ...
    Notch Ligand Binding Assay Using Flow Cytometry
    Authors:  Shweta Varshney and Pamela Stanley, date: 12/05/2017, view: 6642, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved signaling pathway that plays an indispensable role during development, and in the maintenance of homeostatic processes, in a wide variety of tissues (Kopan, 2012; Hori et al., 2013). The multifaceted roles of Notch signaling are stringently regulated at different levels. One of the most ...
    Analytical Gel Filtration for Probing Heavy Metal Transfer between Proteins
    Authors:  Steffen Lorenz Drees and Mathias Lübben, date: 08/05/2016, view: 7211, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Heavy metals can cause damage to biomolecules such as proteins and DNA in multiple ways. Cells therefore strive for keeping intracellular (heavy) metal ions bound to specific proteins that are capable of handling detoxification, export or integration as cofactors. Metal binding proteins usually provide specific coordination sites that bind certain ...
    Displacement-based ELISA: Quantifying Competition between Two Binding Partners for Interaction with a His-tagged Ligand Immobilized on a Ni2+-NTA Plate
    Authors:  Allexa Dow and Sladjana Prisic, date: 03/05/2016, view: 6578, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The displacement assay was designed to quantify the direct competition between two homologous ribosomal proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, S18-1 and S18-2, for interaction with their cognate binding partner, ribosomal protein S6 (Prisic et al., 2015). The S18 proteins were dialyzed in two physiologically relevant ...
    Pyridine Hemochromagen Assay for Determining the Concentration of Heme in Purified Protein Solutions
    Authors:  Ian Barr and Feng Guo, date: 09/20/2015, view: 24109, Q&A: 2
    [Abstract] Heme is a common cofactor in proteins, found in hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochrome P450, DGCR8, and nitric oxide synthase, among others. This protocol describes a method for quantifying heme that works best in purified protein samples. This protocol might be used to, for example, determine whether a given heme-binding protein is fully occupied by ...

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