Protocols in Current Issue
    Co-culture of Murine Neurons Using a Microfluidic Device for The Study of Tau Misfolding Propagation
    [Abstract] The deposition of misfolded, aggregated tau protein is a hallmark of several neurodegenerative diseases, collectively termed “tauopathies”. Tau pathology spreads throughout the brain along connected pathways in a prion-like manner. The process of tau pathology propagation across circuits is a focus of intense research and has been investigated in ...
    Generation of Functional Mouse Hippocampal Neurons
    Authors:  Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori, Zhenyi Hong, Gianluca Fulgenzi and Lino Tessarollo, date: 08/05/2020, view: 868, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Primary culture of mouse hippocampal neurons is a very useful in vitro model for studying neuronal development, axonal and dendritic morphology, synaptic functions, and many other neuronal features. Here we describe a step-by-step process of generating primary neurons from mouse embryonic hippocampi (E17.5/E18.5). Hippocampal neurons ...
    A Simple and Efficient Method for Concomitant Isolation and Culture of Enriched Astroglial and Microglial Cells from the Rat Spinal Cord
    Authors:  Pooja Shree Mishra and Trichur R Raju, date: 01/20/2020, view: 1506, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Investigations into glial biology have contributed substantially in understanding the physiology and pathology of the nervous system. However, intricacies of the neuron-glial and glial-glial interactions in vivo present significant challenges while delineating the individual cell-type contributions, thus making the in vitro ...
    Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein 35-55 (MOG 35-55)-induced Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis: A Model of Chronic Multiple Sclerosis
    Authors:  Sakie Miyamura, Nagisa Matsuo, Kazuki Nagayasu, Hisashi Shirakawa and Shuji Kaneko, date: 12/20/2019, view: 2009, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the common demyelinating disease of human central nervous system. Among mouse models available to study MS, including the cuprizone application and lysolecithin-injection models, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model is widely used so that chronic EAE model of C57BL/6J can reflect the autoimmune ...
    Live-cell Migration Assays to Study Motility of Neural and Glial (Oligodendrocyte) Progenitor Cells
    Authors:  Chu-Yen Chen, Fu-Sheng Chou and Pei-Shan Wang, date: 06/20/2019, view: 2269, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cell motility has been extensively studied in in vitro models using fibroblasts and keratocytes, but the cell type-specific mechanisms underlying migration of lineage- or disease-specific cells, such as neural and glial progenitor cells, remain an active field for investigation. The migrating neural and glial progenitor cells contribute ...
    Differentiation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) into an Effective Model of Forebrain Neural Progenitor Cells and Mature Neurons
    [Abstract] Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) are pluripotent stem cells that can be generated from somatic cells, and provide a way to model the development of neural tissues in vitro. One particularly interesting application of iPSCs is the development of neurons analogous to those found in the human forebrain. Forebrain neurons play a central ...
    Collagenase-based Single Cell Isolation of Primary Murine Brain Endothelial Cells Using Flow Cytometry
    Authors:  Cathrin J. Czupalla, Hanadie Yousef, Tony Wyss-Coray and Eugene C. Butcher, date: 11/20/2018, view: 5685, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The brain endothelium is a highly specialized vascular structure that maintains the activity and integrity of the central nervous system (CNS). Previous studies have reported that the integrity of the brain endothelium is compromised in a plethora of neuropathologies. Therefore, it is of particular interest to establish a method that enables ...
    Papain-based Single Cell Isolation of Primary Murine Brain Endothelial Cells Using Flow Cytometry
    Authors:  Hanadie Yousef, Cathrin J Czupalla, Davis Lee, Eugene C Butcher and Tony Wyss-Coray, date: 11/20/2018, view: 5072, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Brain endothelial cells (BECs) form the integral component of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) which separates the systemic milieu from the brain parenchyma and protects the brain from pathogens and circulating factors. In order to study BEC biology, it was of particular interest to establish a method that enables researchers to investigate and ...
    Phagocytosis Assay for α-Synuclein Fibril Uptake by Mouse Primary Microglia
    Authors:  Cuilian Du, Feifan Zhang and Claire Xi Zhang, date: 09/05/2018, view: 2962, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Microglia are professional phagocytes in the brain and deficiency in their phagocytic activity plays an important role in Parkinson’s disease. This protocol mainly describes the phagocytosis assay for uptake of α-synuclein preformed fibrils, a pathologic form of α-synuclein, by primary microglia.
    Preparation of Cerebellum Granule Neurons from Mouse or Rat Pups and Evaluation of Clostridial Neurotoxin Activity and Their Inhibitors by Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry
    Authors:  Domenico Azarnia Tehran and Marco Pirazzini, date: 07/05/2018, view: 5920, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cerebellar Granule Neurons (CGN) from post-natal rodents have been widely used as a model to study neuronal development, physiology and pathology. CGN cultured in vitro maintain the same features displayed in vivo by mature cerebellar granule cells, including the development of a dense neuritic network, neuronal activity, ...

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