Molecular Biology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Imaging Gene Expression Dynamics in Pseudomonas fluorescens In5 during Interactions with the Fungus Fusarium graminearum PH-1
    Authors:  Rosanna C. Hennessy, Peter Stougaard and Stefan Olsson, date: 06/20/2019, view: 593, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Genomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics are powerful technologies for studying microbial interactions. The main drawback of these methods is the requirement for destructive sampling. We have established an alternative but complementary technique based on a microplate system combined with promoter fusions for visualizing gene expression in space ...
    Production and Purification of Dengue Virus-like Particles from COS-1 Cells
    Authors:  Jedhan Ucat Galula, Gwong-Jen J. Chang and Day-Yu Chao, date: 06/20/2019, view: 608, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Non-infectious virus-like particles (VLPs) containing dengue virus (DENV) pre-membrane (prM) and envelope (E) proteins have been demonstrated to be highly immunogenic and can be used as a potential vaccine candidate as well as a tool for serodiagnostic assays. Successful application of VLPs requires abundant, and high-purity production methods. ...
    Preparation and Purification of Proteins Secreted from Phytophthora sojae
    Authors:  Yeqiang Xia, Yan Wang and Yuanchao Wang, date: 10/20/2018, view: 1682, Q&A: 1
    [Abstract] Phytophthora sojae, the causal agent of soybean root and stem rot, is responsible for enormous economic losses in soybean production. P. sojae secrets various effectors to reprogram host immunity. The plant apoplastic space is a major battleground in plant-pathogen interactions. Here we describe a protocol for purification and ...
    Common Carotid Arteries Occlusion Surgery in Adult Rats as a Model of Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion
    Authors:  Dandan Cao, Yunfei Bai and Liang Li, date: 01/20/2018, view: 4181, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) is an important risk factor of vascular dementia (VaD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Hypoxia/ischemia in the whole brain induced by CCH causes serious damage to brain structure and function, which can lead to cognitive impairment. Two-vessel occlusion (2-VO), also known as permanent, bilateral common carotid ...
    Uptake Assays in Xenopus laevis Oocytes Using Liquid Chromatography-mass Spectrometry to Detect Transport Activity
    [Abstract] Xenopus laevis oocytes are a widely used model system for characterization of heterologously expressed secondary active transporters. Historically, researchers have relied on detecting transport activity by measuring accumulation of radiolabeled substrates by scintillation counting or of fluorescently labelled substrates by ...
    Preparation of Crude Synaptosomal Fractions from Mouse Brains and Spinal Cords
    Author:  Oliver Wirths, date: 08/05/2017, view: 6400, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The current protocol describes the preparation of crude synaptosomal fractions from mouse brain or spinal cord samples. In detail, a sequential protocol yielding crude synaptosomal and light membrane fractions is provided. This fast and easy method might be sufficient to assess the amount of synaptic proteins in down-steam applications like ...
    Expression and Purification of the Cas10-Csm Complex from Staphylococci
    Authors:  Lucy Chou-Zheng and Asma Hatoum-Aslan, date: 06/05/2017, view: 5166, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] CRISPR-Cas (Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR-associated proteins) is a class of prokaryotic immune systems that degrade foreign nucleic acids in a sequence-specific manner. These systems rely upon ribonucleoprotein complexes composed of Cas nucleases and small CRISPR RNAs (crRNAs). Staphylococcus epidermidis ...
    Heavy Metal Stress Assay of Caenorhabditis elegans
    Authors:  Strahil Iv. Pastuhov, Tatsuhiro Shimizu and Naoki Hisamoto, date: 06/05/2017, view: 5173, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Organisms have developed many protective systems to reduce the toxicity from heavy metals. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been widely used to determine the protective mechanisms against heavy metals. Responses against heavy metals can be monitored by expression of reporter genes, while sensitivity can be determined by quantifying ...
    Measuring Procaspase-8 and -10 Processing upon Apoptosis Induction
    Authors:  Sabine Pietkiewicz, Clara Wolfe, Jörn H. Buchbinder and Inna N. Lavrik, date: 01/05/2017, view: 5078, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Apoptosis or programmed cell death is important for multicellular organisms to keep cell homeostasis and for the clearance of mutated or infected cells. Apoptosis can be induced by intrinsic or extrinsic stimuli. The first event in extrinsic apoptosis is the formation of the Death-Inducing Signalling Complex (DISC), where the initiator caspases-8 ...
    Identification of RNA-binding Proteins by RNA Ligand-based cDNA Expression Library Screening
    Authors:  Min Young Kim, Jong Joo Lee and Chul Geun Kim, date: 01/20/2016, view: 4677, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] We previously reported when a portion of the Requiem (REQ/DPF2) messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) 3’ untranslated region (3’UTR), referred to as G8, was overexpressed in K562 cells, β-globin expression was induced, suggesting that the 3’UTR of REQ mRNA plays a physiological role (Kim et al., 2014). To identify trans-acting factors that ...



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