Plant Science


    Protocols in Current Issue
    Ratiometric Measurement of Protein Abundance after Transient Expression of a Transgene in Nicotiana benthamiana
    Authors:  Aashima Khosla and David C. Nelson, date: 09/05/2020, view: 462, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Ratiometric reporters are tools to dynamically measure the relative abundance of a protein of interest. In these systems, a target protein fused to a fluorescent or bioluminescent reporter is expressed with fixed stoichiometry to a reference protein fused to a second reporter. Both fusion proteins are encoded on a single transcript but are ...
    RNA Stability Measurements Using RT-qPCR in Arabidopsis Seedlings
    Authors:  Tianran Jia and Brandon H. Le, date: 07/20/2020, view: 369, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Steady-state mRNA levels are determined by both the rates of transcription and degradation. Regulation of mRNA stability and/or degradation are key factors that can significantly affect mRNA levels and its biological functions. mRNA stability can be measured indirectly after transcription inhibition. This protocol described a rapid and sensitive ...
    Methylation-sensitive Amplified Polymorphism as a Tool to Analyze Wild Potato Hybrids
    Authors:  Nicolás Cara, Carlos F. Marfil, María V. Bertoldi and Ricardo W. Masuelli, date: 07/05/2020, view: 623, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Methylation-Sensitive Amplification Polymorphism (MSAP) is a versatile marker for analyzing DNA methylation patterns in non-model species. The implementation of this technique does not require a reference genome and makes it possible to determine the methylation status of hundreds of anonymous loci distributed throughout the genome. In addition, ...
    Safe DNA-extraction Protocol Suitable for Studying Tree-fungus Interactions
    Authors:  Susanna Keriö, Eeva Terhonen and Jared M. LeBoldus, date: 06/05/2020, view: 1432, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] We present a safe and low-cost method suitable for DNA extraction from mycelium and tree tissue samples. After sample preparation, the extraction takes about 60 min. Method performance was tested by extracting DNA from various tree tissue samples and from mycelium grown on solid and liquid media. DNA was extracted from juvenile and mature host ...
    High-resolution and Deep Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Ancestral States from Large Transcriptomic Data Sets
    Authors:  Sumanth Kumar Mutte and Dolf Weijers, date: 03/20/2020, view: 1306, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Phylogenetics is an important area of evolutionary biology that helps to understand the origin and divergence of genes, genomes and species. Building meaningful phylogenetic trees is needed for the accurate reconstruction of the past. To achieve a correct phylogenetic understanding of genes or proteins, reliable and robust methods are needed to ...
    Construction of Antisense RNA-mediated Gene Knock-down Strains in the Cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120
    Authors:  Amit Srivastava, Anand Ballal, Karl Forchhammer and Anil Kumar Tripathi, date: 02/20/2020, view: 1331, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 (hereafter Anabaena) is a model cyanobacterium to study nitrogen fixation, cellular differentiation and several other key biological functions that are analogous in plants. As with any other organism, many genes in Anabaena encode an essential life function and hence cannot be deleted, causing a ...
    Measuring Protein Half-life in Arabidopsis thaliana
    Authors:  Hongqing Guo and Yanhai Yin, date: 08/05/2019, view: 1726, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Post-translational modifications play important roles in controlling protein function and can lead to altered protein stability. Protein stability can be determined after treatment with the protein synthesis inhibitor Cycloheximide. Cycloheximide is a translational inhibitor that inhibits protein synthesis via cytoplasmic ribosomes. Here we ...
    Extraction and Purification of Laccases from Rice Stems
    Authors:  Chenna Swetha and P. V. Shivaprasad, date: 04/05/2019, view: 2608, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Laccases are found in cell walls of plants in very low amounts. This protocol provides an efficient method to purify laccases from rice stems. The method involves three steps: 1) Isolation of total protein from rice stems using buffers with high salt concentration to extract protein from cell walls; 2) Purification of laccases using concanavalin-A ...
    In vitro Protein-DNA Binding Assay (AlphaScreen® Technology)
    Authors:  Mika Nomoto, Yasuomi Tada and Hironaka Tsukagoshi, date: 02/05/2019, view: 3602, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Identification of specific DNA binding sites of transcription factors is important in understanding their functions. Recent techniques allow us to investigate genome-wide in vivo binding positions by chromatin immunoprecipitation combined with high-throughput sequencing. However, to further explore the binding motifs of transcription ...
    Genome-wide Estimation of Evolutionary Distance and Phylogenetic Analysis of Homologous Genes
    Authors:  Meixia Zhao, Biao Zhang, Jianxin Ma and Damon Lisch, date: 12/05/2018, view: 3432, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Homologous genes, including paralogs and orthologs, are genes that share sequence homologies within or between different species. Homologous genes originate from a common origin through speciation, genetic duplication or horizontal gene transfer. Estimation of the sequence divergence of homologous genes help us to understand divergence time, which ...

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