Eugénie Hébrard
  • IPME, IRD, CIRAD, Univ Montpellier, France, France,
Research fields
  • Plant science
Personal information


PhD, University of Montpellier, France, 2001

Current position

Research scientist and Team leader, Emergence and Adaptation of rice viruses, UMR IPME, IRD, France


  1. Hebrard, E., Pinel-Galzi, A., Oludare, A., Poulicard, N., Aribi, J., Fabre, S., Issaka, S., Mariac, C., Dereeper, A., Albar, L., Silue, D. and Fargette, D. (2018). Identification of a Hypervirulent Pathotype of Rice yellow mottle virus: A Threat to Genetic Resistance Deployment in West-Central Africa. Phytopathology 108(2): 299-307.
  2. Charon, J., Barra, A., Walter, J., Millot, P., Hebrard, E., Moury, B. and Michon, T. (2018). First Experimental Assessment of Protein Intrinsic Disorder Involvement in an RNA Virus Natural Adaptive Process. Mol Biol Evol 35(1): 38-49.
  3. Adego, A. K., Poulicard, N., Pinel-Galzi, A., Mukoye, B., Fargette, D., Were, H. K. and Hebrard, E. (2018). Full-Length Genome Sequences of Recombinant and Nonrecombinant Sympatric Strains of Rice yellow mottle virus from Western Kenya. Genome Announc 6(8).
  4. Moury, B., Fabre, F., Hebrard, E. and Froissart, R. (2017). Determinants of host species range in plant viruses. J Gen Virol  98(4): 862-873.
  5. Tollenaere, C., Lacombe, S., Wonni, I., Barro, M., Ndougonna, C., Gnacko, F., Sereme, D., Jacobs, J. M., Hebrard, E., Cunnac, S. and Brugidou, C. (2017). Virus-Bacteria Rice Co-Infection in Africa: Field Estimation, Reciprocal Effects, Molecular Mechanisms, and Evolutionary Implications. Front Plant Sci  8: 645.
  6. Ndikumana, I., Pinel-Galzi, A., Fargette, D. and Hebrard, E. (2017). Complete Genome Sequence of a New Strain of Rice yellow mottle virus from Malawi, Characterized by a Recombinant VPg Protein. Genome Announc 5(44).
  7. Pidon, H., Ghesquiere, A., Cheron, S., Issaka, S., Hebrard, E., Sabot, F., Kolade, O., Silue, D. and Albar, L. (2017). Fine mapping of RYMV3: a new resistance gene to Rice yellow mottle virus from Oryza glaberrima. Theor Appl Genet 130(4): 807-818.
  8. Pinel-Galzi, A., Dubreuil-Tranchant, C., Hebrard, E., Mariac, C., Ghesquiere, A. and Albar, L. (2016). Mutations in Rice yellow mottle virus Polyprotein P2a Involved in RYMV2 Gene Resistance Breakdown. Front Plant Sci 7: 1779.
  9. Ndikumana, I., Pinel-Galzi, A., Mzengeza, T., N’chimbi, Msolla S., Njau, P., Choi, Ir., Murori, R., Birigimana, J., Fargette, D., Hébrard, E. (2015). First report of Rice yellow mottle virus in rice in Malawi. Plant Disease, 99 : 899 
  10. Pinel-Galzi, A., Traoré, O., Séré, Y., Hébrard, E., Fargette, D. (2015). The biogeography of viral emergence: rice yellow mottle virus as a case study. Current Opinions in Virology 10:7-13
  11. Oludare, A., Afolabi, O., Sow, M., Pinel-Galzi, A., Hébrard, E., Silué, D. (2015). First Report of Rice stripe necrosis virus Infecting Rice in BeninPlant Disease 99: 735. 
  12. Ochola, D., Issaka, S., Rakotomalala, M., Pinel-Galzi, A., Ndikumana, I., Hubert, J., Hebrard, E., Sere, Y., Tusiime, G. and Fargette, D. (2015). Emergence of rice yellow mottle virus in eastern Uganda: Recent and singular interplay between strains in East Africa and in Madagascar. Virus Res 195: 64-72.
  13. Poulicard, N., Pinel-Galzi, A., Fargette, D. and Hebrard, E. (2014). Alternative mutational pathways, outside the VPg, of rice yellow mottle virus to overcome eIF(iso)4G-mediated rice resistance under strong genetic constraints. J Gen Virol 95(Pt 1): 219-224.
  14. Hubert, J., Pinel-Galzi, A., Dibwe, D., Cinyabuguma, E., Kabore, A., Fargette, D., Silue, D., Hebrard, E., Sere, Y. (2013). First report on Rice yellow mottle virus on rice in Democratic Republic of Congo. Plant Disease, 97 (12) 1664.
  15. Ta, H. A., Nguyen, D. P., Causse, S., Nguyen, T. D., Ngo, V. V. and Hebrard, E. (2013). Molecular diversity of Rice grassy stunt virus in Vietnam. Virus Genes 46(2): 383-386.
  16. Ndikuman, I.,  Pinel-Galzi, A., Negussie, Z., N’chimbi, Msolla, S., Njau, P.,  Singh, R.K., Choi, I.R., Fargette, D., Hébrard, E. (2012). First report of Rice yellow mottle virus on rice in Burundi. Plant Disease, 96 (8) 1230. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-03-12-0293-PDN. 
  17. Poulicard, N., Pinel-Galzi, A., Traore, O., Vignols, F., Ghesquiere, A., Konate, G., Hebrard, E. and Fargette, D. (2012). Historical contingencies modulate the adaptability of Rice yellow mottle virus. PLoS Pathog 8(1): e1002482.
  18. Ta Hoang, A., Zhang, Hm., Yang, J., Chen, Jp., Hebrard, .E, Zhou, Gh., Vien, Nv., Cheng, Ja. (2011). Identification, characterization and distribution of Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus in Vietnam. Plant  Disease, 95 (9): 1063-1069. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-07-10-0535.
  19. Olspert, A., Peil, L., Hebrard, E., Fargette, D. and Truve, E. (2011). Protein-RNA linkage and post-translational modifications of two sobemovirus VPgs. J Gen Virol 92(Pt 2): 445-452
  20. Traore, O., Pinel-Galzi, A., Issaka, S., Poulicard, N., Aribi, J., Ake, S., Ghesquiere, A., Sere, Y., Konate, G., Hebrard, E. and Fargette, D. (2010). The adaptation of Rice yellow mottle virus to the eIF(iso)4G-mediated rice resistance. Virology 408(1): 103-108.
  21. Hebrard, E., Poulicard, N., Gerard, C., Traore, O., Wu, H. C., Albar, L., Fargette, D., Bessin, Y. and Vignols, F. (2010). Direct interaction between the Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) VPg and the central domain of the rice eIF(iso)4G1 factor correlates with rice susceptibility and RYMV virulence. Mol Plant Microbe Interact 23(11): 1506-1513.
  22. Poulicard, N., Pinel-Galzi, A., Hebrard, E. and Fargette, D. (2010). Why Rice yellow mottle virus, a rapidly evolving RNA plant virus, is not efficient at breaking rymv1-2 resistance. Mol Plant Pathol 11(1): 145-154.
  23. Sorho, F., Pinel-Galzi, A., Traore, O., Rakotomalala, Ms., Sangu, E., Kanyeka, Z., Hebrard, E., Konte, G., Sere, Y., Fargette, D., Aké, S. (2009). Rate of Substitution, Date of Emergence and Speed of Dispersal of Rice Yellow Mottle Virus in Africa. Infection Genetics and Evolution 9 (3): 38. 
  24. Champion, A., Hebrard, E., Parra, B., Bournaud, C., Marmey, P., Tranchant, C. and Nicole, M. (2009). Molecular diversity and gene expression of cotton ERF transcription factors reveal that group IXa members are responsive to jasmonate, ethylene and Xanthomonas. Mol Plant Pathol 10(4): 471-485.
  25. Hebrard, E., Bessin, Y., Michon, T., Longhi, S., Uversky, Vn., Delalande, F., Van Dorsselaer, A., Romero, P., Walter, J.,Declerk, N., Fargette, D. (2009). Intrinsic disorder in Viral Proteins Genome-Linked: experimental and predictive analyses. Virology Journal, 6 (1): e23. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-6-23. 
  26. Sereme, D., Lacombe, S., Konate, M., Pinel-Galzi, A., Traore, V. S., Hebrard, E., Traore, O., Brugidou, C., Fargette, D. and Konate, G. (2008). Biological and molecular characterization of a putative new sobemovirus infecting Imperata cylindrica and maize in Africa. Arch Virol 153(10): 1813-1820.
  27. Fargette, D., Pinel-Galzi, A., Sérémé, D., Lacombe, S., Hebrard, E., Traoré, O., Konaté, G. (2008). Diversification of Rice yellow mottle virus and related viruses spans the history of agriculture from the neolithic to the present. PLoS Pathogens  4 (8): e1000125. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1000125.
  28. Hebrard, E., Pinel-Galzi, A. and Fargette, D. (2008). Virulence domain of the RYMV genome-linked viral protein VPg towards rice rymv1-2-mediated resistance. Arch Virol 153(6): 1161-1164.
  29. Fargette D, Pinel A, Rakotomalala M, Sangu E, Traoré O, Sérémé D, Sorho F, Issaka S, Hebrard E, Séré Y, Kanyeka Z, Konaté G (2008) Rice yellow mottle virus, an RNA plant virus, evolves as rapidly as most RNA animal viruses. Journal of Virology, (82): 3584-3589. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02506-07.
  30. Uzest, M., Gargani, D., Drucker, M., Hebrard, E., Garzo, E., Candresse, T., Fereres, A. and Blanc, S. (2007). A protein key to plant virus transmission at the tip of the insect vector stylet. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(46): 17959-17964.
  31. Pinel-Galzi, A., Rakotomalala, M., Sangu, E., Sorho, F., Kanyeka, Z., Traore, O., Sereme, D., Poulicard, N., Rabenantoandro, Y., Sere, Y., Konate, G., Ghesquiere, A., Hebrard, E. and Fargette, D. (2007). Theme and variations in the evolutionary pathways to virulence of an RNA plant virus species. PLoS Pathog 3(11): e180.
  32. Albar, L., Bangratz-Reyser, M., Hebrard, E., Ndjiondjop, M. N., Jones, M. and Ghesquiere, A. (2006). Mutations in the eIF(iso)4G translation initiation factor confer high resistance of rice to Rice yellow mottle virus. Plant J 47(3): 417-426.
  33. Hebrard, E., Pinel-Galzi, A., Bersoult, A., Sire, C. and Fargette, D. (2006). Emergence of a resistance-breaking isolate of Rice yellow mottle virus during serial inoculations is due to a single substitution in the genome-linked viral protein VPg. J Gen Virol 87(Pt 5): 1369-1373.
  34. Traore, O., Pinel, A., Hebrard, E., Gumedzoe, Mym., Fargette, D., Traore, As., Konate,G.(2006). Occurrence and frequency of resistance-breaking isolates of Rice yellow mottle virus in the Sudan savannah zone of Africa. Plant Disease, (90): 259-263. doi: 10.1094/PD-90-0259 
  35. Moreno, A., Hebrard, E., Uzest, M., Blanc, S., Fereres, A. (2005) A single amino acid position in the helper component of Cauliflower mosaic virus can change the spectrum of transmitting vector species. Journal of Virology 79 (21): 13587-13593.
  36. Sorho, F., Pinel, A., Traore, O., Bersoult, A., Ghesquiere, A., Hebrard, E., Konate, G., Sere, Y., Fargette, D. (2005).Durability of natural and transgenic resistances in rice to Rice yellow mottle virus. European Journal of Plant Pathology 112 (4): 349-359.
  37. Traore, O., Sorho, F., Pinel, A., Abubakar, Z., Banwo, O., Maley, J., Hebrard, E., Winter, S., Sere, Y., Konate, G. and Fargette, D. (2005). Processes of diversification and dispersion of rice yellow mottle virus inferred from large-scale and high-resolution phylogeographical studies. Mol Ecol 14(7): 2097-2110.
  38. Hébrard, E., Pinel-Galzi, A., Catherinot, V., Labesse, G., Brugidou, C., Fargette, D. (2005). Internal point mutations of the capsid modify the serotype of Rice yellow mottle sobemovirus. Journal of Virology  (79): 4407-4414. 
  39. Fargette, D., Pinel, A., Abubakar, Z., Traore, O., Brugidou, C., Fatogoma, S., Hébrard, E., Choisy, M., Yacouba, S., Fauquet, C., Konate, G. (2004). Inferring the evolutionary history of Rice yellow mottle virus from genomic, phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies. Journal of Virology  (78): 3252-3261. 
  40. Froissart, R., Uzest, M., Ruiz-Ferrer, V., Drucker, M., Hebrard, E., Hohn, T. and Blanc, S. (2004). Splicing of Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S RNA serves to downregulate a toxic gene product. J Gen Virol 85(Pt 9): 2719-2726.
  41. Drucker, M., Froissart, R., Hebrard, E., Uzest, M., Ravallec, M., Esperandieu, P., Mani, J. C., Pugniere, M., Roquet, F., Fereres, A. and Blanc, S. (2002). Intracellular distribution of viral gene products regulates a complex mechanism of cauliflower mosaic virus acquisition by its aphid vector. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99(4): 2422-2427.
  42. Hebrard, E., Drucker, M., Leclerc, D., Hohn, T., Uzest, M., Froissart, R., Strub, J. M., Sanglier, S., van Dorsselaer, A., Padilla, A., Labesse, G. and Blanc, S. (2001). Biochemical characterization of the helper component of Cauliflower mosaic virus. J Virol 75(18): 8538-8546  
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