Cell Biology

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0 Q&A 9412 Views Jan 20, 2019
Copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne-cycloaddition (CuAAC), also known as ‘click chemistry’ serves as a technique for bio-orthogonal, that is, bio-compatible labeling of macromolecules including proteins or lipids. Click chemistry has been widely used to covalently, selectively, and efficiently attach probes such as fluorophores or biotin to small bio-orthogonal chemical reporter groups introduced into macromolecules. In bio-orthogonal non-canonical amino acid tagging (BONCAT) and fluorescent non-canonical amino acid tagging (FUNCAT) proteins are metabolically labeled with a non-canonical, azide-bearing amino acid and subsequently CuAAC-clicked either to an alkyne-bearing biotin (BONCAT) for protein purification, Western blot, or mass spectrometry analyses or to an alkyne-bearing fluorophore (FUNCAT) for immunohistochemistry. In combination with mass spectrometry, these kinds of labeling and tagging strategies are a suitable option to identify and characterize specific proteomes in living organisms without the need of prior cell sorting. Here, we provide detailed protocols for FUNCAT and BONCAT click chemistry and the detection of tagged de novo synthesized proteins in Drosophila melanogaster.
0 Q&A 10281 Views Aug 20, 2017
Pulse-chase technique is a method widely used to assess protein or mRNA stability. The principle of pulse-chase relies on labeling proteins or mRNA produced during a short period of time called ‘pulse’ and then following the rate of disappearance of those labeled proteins over a period of time called ‘chase’. This technique thus allows quantitative analysis of modulation of protein or mRNA stability under different treatments or culturing conditions.

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