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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Arabidopsis-Green Peach Aphid Interaction: Rearing the Insect, No-choice and Fecundity Assays, and Electrical Penetration Graph Technique to Study Insect Feeding Behavior
    Authors:  Vamsi Nalam, Joe Louis, Monika Patel and Jyoti Shah, date: 08/05/2018, view: 96, Q&A: 0
    Aphids constitute a large group of Hemipterans that use their slender stylets to tap into the sieve elements of plants from which they consume copious amounts of phloem sap, thus depriving the plant of photoassimilates. Some aphids also transmit ...
    Arabidopsis-Green Peach Aphid Interaction: Rearing the Insect, No-choice and Fecundity Assays, and Electrical Penetration Graph Technique to Study Insect Feeding Behavior
    Authors:  Vamsi Nalam, Joe Louis, Monika Patel and Jyoti Shah, date: 08/05/2018, view: 96, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Aphids constitute a large group of Hemipterans that use their slender stylets to tap into the sieve elements of plants from which they consume copious amounts of phloem sap, thus depriving the plant of photoassimilates. Some aphids also transmit viral diseases of plants. Myzus persicae Sülzer, commonly known as the green peach aphid ...
    Assessing Experience-dependent Tuning of Song Preference in Fruit Flies (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Authors:  Xiaodong Li, Hiroshi Ishimoto and Azusa Kamikouchi, date: 07/20/2018, view: 240, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In songbirds and higher mammals, early auditory experience during childhood is critical to detect and discriminate sound patterns in adulthood. However, the neural and molecular nature of this acquired ability remains elusive. Here, we describe a new behavioral paradigm with Drosophila melanogaster to investigate how the auditory ...
    Ex vivo Whole-cell Recordings in Adult Drosophila Brain
    Authors:  Alexa J. Roemmich, Soleil S. Schutte and Diane K. O’Dowd, date: 07/20/2018, view: 269, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Cost-effective and efficient, the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) has been used to make many key discoveries in the field of neuroscience and to model a number of neurological disorders. Great strides in understanding have been made using sophisticated molecular genetic tools and behavioral assays. Functional analysis of neural ...
    Muscle Function Assessment Using a Drosophila Larvae Crawling Assay
    Authors:  Yanina Post and Achim Paululat, date: 07/20/2018, view: 235, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Here we describe a simple method to measure larval muscle contraction and locomotion behavior. The method enables the user to acquire data, without the necessity of using expensive equipment (Rotstein et al., 2018). To measure contraction and locomotion behaviour, single larvae are positioned at the center of a humidified Petri dish. ...
    Ex vivo Follicle Rupture and in situ Zymography in Drosophila
    Authors:  Elizabeth M Knapp, Lylah D Deady and Jianjun Sun, date: 05/20/2018, view: 671, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Ovulation, the process of releasing a mature oocyte from the ovary, is crucial for animal reproduction. In order for the process of ovulation to occur, a follicle must be fully matured and signaled to rupture from the ovary. During follicle rupture in both mammals and Drosophila, somatic follicle cells are enzymatically degraded to allow ...
    A Method to Injure, Dissect and Image Indirect Flight Muscle of Drosophila
    Authors:  Kunal Chakraborty, K. VijayRaghavan and Rajesh Gunage, date: 05/20/2018, view: 1155, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Inducing an injury specifically to Drosophila flight muscles is a difficult task, owing to the small size of the muscles and the presence of the cuticle. The protocol described below provides an easy and reproducible method to induce injury in the Drosophila flight muscles.
    Flight and Climbing Assay for Assessing Motor Functions in Drosophila
    Authors:  Steffy B Manjila and Gaiti Hasan, date: 03/05/2018, view: 1118, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Motor control requires the central nervous system to integrate different sensory inputs and convey this information to the relevant central pattern generator for execution of motor function through motor neurons and muscles. Proper motor control is essential for any mobile organism to survive and interact with the external environment. For flying ...
    Terminal Deoxynucleotidyl Transferase Mediated Production of Labeled Probes for Single-molecule FISH or RNA Capture
    Authors:  Imre Gaspar, Frank Wippich and Anne Ephrussi, date: 03/05/2018, view: 1316, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Arrays of short, singly-labeled ssDNA oligonucleotides enable in situ hybridization with single molecule sensitivity and efficient transcript specific RNA capture. Here, we describe a simple, enzymatic protocol that can be carried out using basic laboratory equipment to convert arrays of PCR oligos into smFISH and RAP probesets in a ...
    Assaying Thermo-nociceptive Behavior in Drosophila Larvae
    Authors:  Meike Petersen, Federico Tenedini, Nina Hoyer, Fritz Kutschera and Peter Soba, date: 02/20/2018, view: 1096, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Thermo-nociception, the detection and behavioral response to noxious temperatures, is a highly conserved action to avoid injury and ensure survival. Basic molecular mechanisms of thermal responses have been elucidated in several model organisms and are of clinical relevance as thermal hypersensitivity (thermos-allodynia) is common in neuropathic ...
    Assaying Mechanonociceptive Behavior in Drosophila Larvae
    Authors:  Nina Hoyer, Meike Petersen, Federico Tenedini and Peter Soba, date: 02/20/2018, view: 1170, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Drosophila melanogaster larvae have been extensively used as a model to study the molecular and cellular basis of nociception. The larval nociceptors, class IV dendritic arborization (C4da) neurons, line the body wall of the animal and respond to various stimuli including noxious heat and touch. Activation of C4da neurons results in a ...