Fungi

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Serial Cryomicrotomy of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Serial Electron Cryotomography
    Authors:  Cai Tong Ng, Mark S. Ladinsky and Lu Gan, date: 11/20/2020, view: 416, Q&A: 0
    Electron cryotomography (cryo-ET) is an increasingly popular technique to study cellular structures and macromolecules in situ. Due to poor penetration of electrons through thick biological samples, the vitreously frozen samples for cryo-ET ...
    Serial Cryomicrotomy of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Serial Electron Cryotomography
    Authors:  Cai Tong Ng, Mark S. Ladinsky and Lu Gan, date: 11/20/2020, view: 416, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Electron cryotomography (cryo-ET) is an increasingly popular technique to study cellular structures and macromolecules in situ. Due to poor penetration of electrons through thick biological samples, the vitreously frozen samples for cryo-ET need to be thin. For frozen-hydrated cells, such samples can be produced either by cryomicrotomy or ...
    Candida albicans Culture, Cell Harvesting, and Total RNA Extraction
    Authors:  Max V. Cravener and Aaron P. Mitchell, date: 11/05/2020, view: 511, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract]

    Transcriptional analysis has become a cornerstone of biological research, and with the advent of cheaper and more efficient sequencing technology over the last decade, there exists a need for high-yield and efficient RNA extraction techniques. Fungi such as the human pathogen Candida albicans present a unique obstacle to RNA purification in the

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    Live-cell Imaging by Super-resolution Confocal Live Imaging Microscopy (SCLIM): Simultaneous Three-color and Four-dimensional Live Cell Imaging with High Space and Time Resolution
    Authors:  Kazuo Kurokawa and Akihiko Nakano, date: 09/05/2020, view: 1305, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Many questions in cell biology can be solved by state-of-the-art technology of live cell imaging. One good example is the mechanism of membrane traffic, in which small membrane carriers are rapidly moving around in the cytoplasm to deliver cargo proteins between organelles. For directly visualizing the events in membrane trafficking system, ...
    Candida albicans Agar Invasion Assays
    Authors:  Shamoon Naseem, Lois M. Douglas and James B. Konopka, date: 08/20/2020, view: 872, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The ability of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans to disseminate into tissues is promoted by a switch from budding to invasive hyphal growth. This morphological transition is stimulated by multiple environmental factors that can vary at different sites of infection. To identify genes that promote invasive growth, C. albicans ...
    Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Killing Assay of Candida albicans
    Authors:  Sheng-Yang Wu and Betty A. Wu-Hsieh, date: 08/20/2020, view: 1021, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Fungal pathogen Candida albicans is one of the top leading causes of overall healthcare-associated bloodstream infections worldwide. Neutrophil is the major effector cell to clear C. albicans infection. Our study showed that mouse neutrophils utilize two independent mechanisms to kill C. albicans: one is CR3 downstream ...
    Determination of the Cellular Ion Concentration in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Using ICP-AES
    Authors:  Louise Thines, Anne Iserentant and Pierre Morsomme, date: 08/20/2020, view: 778, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been perceived over decades as a highly valuable model organism for the investigation of ion homeostasis. Indeed, many of the genes and biological systems that function in yeast ion homeostasis are conserved throughout unicellular eukaryotes to humans. In this context, measurement of the yeast ...
    HoSeIn: A Workflow for Integrating Various Homology Search Results from Metagenomic and Metatranscriptomic Sequence Datasets
    Authors:  Gaston Rozadilla, Jorgelina Moreiras Clemente and Christina B. McCarthy, date: 07/20/2020, view: 734, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Data generated by metagenomic and metatranscriptomic experiments is both enormous and inherently noisy. When using taxonomy-dependent alignment-based methods to classify and label reads, the first step consists in performing homology searches against sequence databases. To obtain the most information from the samples, nucleotide sequences are ...
    Observing Nutrient Gradients, Gene Expression and Growth Variation Using the "Yeast Machine" Microfluidic Device
    [Abstract] The natural environment of microbial cells like bacteria and yeast is often a complex community in which growth and internal organization reflect morphogenetic processes and interactions that are dependent on spatial position and time. While most of research is performed in simple homogeneous environments (e.g., bulk liquid cultures), ...
    Preparation of Yeast tRNA Sample for NMR Spectroscopy
    Authors:  Marjorie Catala, Alexandre Gato, Carine Tisné and Pierre Barraud, date: 06/20/2020, view: 990, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) are heavily decorated with post-transcriptional modifications during their biosynthesis. To fulfil their functions within cells, tRNAs undergo a tightly controlled biogenesis process leading to the formation of mature tRNAs. In addition, functions of tRNAs are often modulated by their modifications. Although the biological ...
    Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay of in vitro Phosphorylated RNA Polymerase II Carboxyl-terminal Domain Substrates
    Authors:  Joshua E. Mayfield, Seema Irani and Yan Zhang, date: 06/20/2020, view: 1285, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Eukaryotic RNA polymerase II transcribes all protein-coding mRNAs and is highly regulated. A key mechanism directing RNA polymerase II and facilitating the co-transcriptional processing of mRNAs is the phosphorylation of its highly repetitive carboxyl-terminal domain (CTD) of its largest subunit, RPB1, at specific residues. A variety of techniques ...



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