Microbiology

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    Protocols in Current Issue
    Site-specific DNA Mapping of Protein Binding Orientation Using Azidophenacyl Bromide (APB)
    Authors:  Himasha M. Perera and Michael A. Trakselis, date: 06/20/2020, view: 642, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The orientation of a DNA-binding protein bound on DNA is determinative in directing the assembly of other associated proteins in the complex for enzymatic action. As an example, in a replisome, the orientation of the DNA helicase at the replication fork directs the assembly of the other associated replisome proteins. We have recently determined ...
    Quantification of Hepatitis B Virus Covalently Closed Circular DNA in Infected Cell Culture Models by Quantitative PCR
    Authors:  Bingqian Qu and Stephan Urban, date: 04/05/2019, view: 2531, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Persistence of the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) requires the maintenance of covalently closed circular (ccc)DNA, the episomal genome reservoir in nuclei of infected hepatocytes. cccDNA elimination is a major aim in future curative therapies currently under development. In cell culture based in vitro studies, both hybridization- and ...
    Analysis of DNA Exchange Using Thymidine Analogs (ADExTA) in Trypanosoma cruzi
    [Abstract] Trypanosoma cruzi is a protozoan parasite belonging to the Trypanosomatidae family. Although the trypanosomatids multiply predominantly by clonal generation, the presence of DNA exchange in some of them has been puzzling researchers over the years, mainly because it may represent a novel form that these organisms use to gain variability. ...
    Advanced Design of Minimalistic Dumbbell-shaped Gene Expression Vectors
    Authors:  Xiaoou Jiang and Volker Patzel, date: 08/05/2017, view: 5872, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Minimal DNA vectors exclusively comprising therapeutically relevant sequences hold great promise for the development of novel therapeutic regimen. Dumbbell-shaped vectors represent non-viral non-integrating DNA minimal vectors which have entered an advanced stage of clinical development (Hardee et al., 2017). Spliceable introns and DNA ...
    Conjugation Assay for Testing CRISPR-Cas Anti-plasmid Immunity in Staphylococci
    Authors:  Forrest C. Walker and Asma Hatoum-Aslan, date: 05/05/2017, view: 7345, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] CRISPR-Cas is a prokaryotic adaptive immune system that prevents uptake of mobile genetic elements such as bacteriophages and plasmids. Plasmid transfer between bacteria is of particular clinical concern due to increasing amounts of antibiotic resistant pathogens found in humans as a result of transfer of resistance plasmids within and between ...
    MNase Digestion for Nucleosome Mapping in Neurospora
    Authors:  Cigdem Sancar, Gencer Sancar and Michael Brunner, date: 06/05/2016, view: 6613, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Digestion of chromatin by micrococcal nuclease MNase followed by high throughput sequencing allows us to determine the location and occupancy of nucleosomes on the genome. Here in this protocol we have described optimized conditions of MNase digestion of filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa chromatin without a requirement of a nuclear ...
    Characterization of HBV Isolates from Patient Serum Samples and Cloning
    Authors:  Liang Cao, Chunchen Wu, Kaitao Zhao and Xinwen Chen, date: 12/20/2015, view: 6402, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Hepatitis B virus (HBV) mutants can lead to vaccine failure, diagnostic failure of HBV detection, increase viral replication and resistance to antiviral agents. To study the biological characteristics of these mutations may contribute to our knowledge on viral pathogenesis. Therefore, it is essential to isolate and characterize HBV strains from ...
    Primer Extension Analysis of HBV DNA with Strand-Specific Primers
    Authors:  Jaesung Jung and Kyongmin Kim, date: 08/05/2015, view: 5662, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] We performed primer extension assay to determine which steps of HBV DNA synthesis (i.e., minus- and plus-strand DNA synthesis and circularization of RC DNA) are affected by phosphoacceptor site mutations in C protein. In these experiments, we used several specific oligonucleotide primers. For quantitation, the level of extended DNA (ED) ...



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