Protocols in Current Issue
    Generation and Implementation of Reporter BHK-21 Cells for Live Imaging of Flavivirus Infection
    Authors:  Jorge L. Arias-Arias and Rodrigo Mora-Rodríguez, date: 03/05/2021, view: 1908, Q&A: 0

    The genus Flavivirus within the family Flaviviridae includes many viral species of medical importance, such as yellow fever virus (YFV), Zika virus (ZIKV), and dengue virus (DENV), among others. Presently, the identification of flavivirus-infected cells is based on either the immunolabeling of viral proteins, the application of recombinant

    Production and Purification of Dengue Virus-like Particles from COS-1 Cells
    Authors:  Jedhan Ucat Galula, Gwong-Jen J. Chang and Day-Yu Chao, date: 06/20/2019, view: 6796, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Non-infectious virus-like particles (VLPs) containing dengue virus (DENV) pre-membrane (prM) and envelope (E) proteins have been demonstrated to be highly immunogenic and can be used as a potential vaccine candidate as well as a tool for serodiagnostic assays. Successful application of VLPs requires abundant, and high-purity production methods. ...
    Virucidal and Neutralizing Activity Tests for Antiviral Substances and Antibodies
    Authors:  Chie Aoki-Utsubo, Ming Chen and Hak Hotta, date: 05/20/2018, view: 10727, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] In a narrow definition, virucidal activity represents the activity by which to interact with and physically disrupt viral particles. In a broad definition, it includes the activity by which to functionally inhibit (neutralize) viral infectivity without apparent morphological alterations of the viral particles. The viral infectivity can be measured ...
    Time-of-addition and Temperature-shift Assays to Determine Particular Step(s) in the Viral Life Cycle that is Blocked by Antiviral Substance(s)
    Authors:  Chie Aoki-Utsubo, Ming Chen and Hak Hotta, date: 05/05/2018, view: 7043, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Viruses infect their host cells to produce progeny virus particles through the sequential steps of the viral life cycle, such as viral attachment, entry, penetration and post-entry events. This protocol describes time-of-addition and temperature-shift assays that are employed to explore which step(s) in the viral life cycle is blocked by an ...
    In vitro Assays for Measuring Endothelial Permeability by Transwells and Electrical Impedance Systems
    Authors:  Hong-Ru Chen and Trai-Ming Yeh, date: 05/05/2017, view: 22999, Q&A: 2
    [Abstract] Vascular leakage is an important feature in several diseases, such as septic shock, viral hemorrhagic fever, cancer metastasis and ischemia-reperfusion injuries. Thus establishing assays for measuring endothelial permeability will provide insight into the establishment or progression of such diseases. Here, we provide transwell permeability assay ...
    Assay to Evaluate Vascular Permeability Induction in Mice
    [Abstract] Dengue virus infection usually courses as a benign self-limited fever, called dengue fever. However, on occasions it can progress to a life-threatening complication known as severe dengue (SD). A hallmark of SD is a sharp increase in vascular permeability. Secondary infections are considered a risk factor to develop SD, presumably through a ...

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