Protocols in Current Issue
    Real-time PCR Analysis of PAMP-induced Marker Gene Expression in Nicotiana benthamiana
    Authors:  Fan Liu, Yuanpeng Xu, Yan Wang and Yuanchao Wang, date: 10/05/2018, view: 6606, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Perception of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) often triggers various innate immune responses in plants. The transcriptional changes of defense-related genes are often used as a marker to assay PAMP-triggered plant immune response. Here we described a protocol to monitor the relative expression level of marker genes in Nicotiana ...
    Trimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (TriFC) Assay for Direct Visualization of RNA-Protein Interaction in planta
    Authors:  Jun Sung Seo and Nam-Hai Chua, date: 10/20/2017, view: 9585, Q&A: 1
    [Abstract] RNA-Protein interactions play important roles in various eukaryotic biological processes. Molecular imaging of subcellular localization of RNA/protein complexes in plants is critical for understanding these interactions. However, methods to image RNA-Protein interactions in living plants have not yet been developed until now. Recently, we have ...
    Virus-based MicroRNA Silencing
    Authors:  Jinping Zhao and Yule Liu, date: 01/20/2016, view: 9436, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Virus-based microRNA silencing (VbMS) is a viable and prompt method to screen and characterize the function of microRNAs (miRNAs) in plants. The Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-based VbMS method was originally developed by the Yule Liu's group (Sha et al., 2014) using miRNA target mimic (TM) methodology. Here, we describe the ...
    Detection of Poly (A) RNA in Mesophyll Cells of Nicotiana benthamiana Using in situ Hybridization
    Authors:  Yuri Mizuno and Daigo Takemoto, date: 09/05/2015, view: 7699, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Export of transcribed mRNAs from nucleoplasm to cytosol is an essential process for the translation of genes into proteins. This process is tightly regulated by nuclear pores, composed of about 30 nucleoporin proteins (Nups). Whether or not the mRNAs are able to be appropriately exported to cytoplasm is of an importance for understanding the role ...
    VIGS Assays
    Authors:  Haili Zhang and Yule Liu, date: 03/05/2014, view: 23911, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a powerful method to study gene function in plants. Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-based VIGS vector is the most efficient VIGS vector so far. This method was originally developed by the Dinesh-Kumar's group (Liu et al., 2002) . Here, we describe a rapid and high efficient TRV-based VIGS method for ...

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