Cancer Biology


Protocols in Current Issue
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0 Q&A 7515 Views Nov 20, 2018
Cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes (CTLs) represent a crucial component of the adaptive immune system and play a prominent role in the anti-tumor immune responses of both mice and humans.

Cytotoxic CD8+ T cells are responsible for the lysis of cells expressing peptides associated with MHC class I molecules and derived from infection with a pathogen or from mutated antigens. In order to quantify in vivo this antigen-specific CD8+ T cell killing activity, we use the in vivo killing assay (IVKA). Here, we describe the protocol for the lysis of cells expressing a CD8+ T cell melanoma epitope of the hgp10025-33 protein (KVPRNQDWL). C57BL/6 recipient mice, receive first target cells, prepared from naive congenic (CD45.1) C57BL/6 spleen cells pulsed with the hgp10025-33 peptide and labeled with CFSE and of non-pulsed control cells labeled with Brilliant violet. One day later, the spleen cells of recipient mice are isolated and analyzed by FACS to measure the amount of CFSE cells and Brillant Violet (BV) cells. The percentage of lysis is calculated by the difference between CFSE versus BV.

Measuring the ability of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells to lyse their antigen in vivo is very important to evaluate the adaptive cytotoxic response induced against a pathogen or a tumor antigen.
0 Q&A 9542 Views Aug 20, 2015
Tumors develop in a complex microenvironment alongside numerous cell types that impact their survival. Immune cells make up a large proportion of these accessory cells and many are known to promote tumor progression. Macrophages, in particular, are associated with poor patient prognosis and are therefore potential candidates for therapeutic targeting in cancer. However, to develop successful strategies to target macrophages, it is important to clarify whether these cells are derived from blood-borne precursors or a tissue-resident population. Parabiosis, or the surgical connection of two mice resulting in a shared blood circulation, allows the distinction between these two cellular sources. Here, we describe the use of parabiosis to define cell ontogeny in a mouse model of breast cancer.
1 Q&A 27073 Views Nov 20, 2014
Tumors are heterogeneous microenvironments where complex interactions take place between neoplastic cells and infiltrating inflammatory cells, such as tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) and tumor-associated dendritic cells (TADC). The relevance of tumor-infiltrating mononuclear myeloid cells is underscored by clinical studies showing a correlation between their abundance and poor prognosis (Laoui et al., 2011). These cells are able to promote tumor progression via several mechanisms, including induction of angiogenesis, remodeling of the extracellular matrix, stimulation of cancer cell proliferation and metastasis and the inhibition of adaptive immunity (Laoui et al., 2011). Moreover, mononuclear myeloid cells are characterized by plasticity and versatility in response to microenvironmental signals, resulting in different activation states, as illustrated by the presence of distinct functional TAM subsets in tumors (Movahedi et al., 2010; Laoui et al., 2014). Here, we describe a valuable isolation technique for TAM and TADC permitting their molecular and functional characterization.

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