Stem Cell


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0 Q&A 2733 Views May 5, 2020
The search for the origin of the first hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the mouse embryo has been a hot topic in the field of developmental hematopoiesis. Detecting lymphoid potential is one of the supportive evidence to show the definitive hematopoietic activity of HSCs. However, the first B-lymphoid potential in the mouse embryos are reported to be biased to innate-like B-1 cell lineage that can develop from hemogenic endothelial cells (HECs) independently of HSCs. On the other hand, conventional adaptive immune B cells (B-2) cells are considered to be exclusively derived from HSCs. Therefore, segregating B-1 and B-2 progenitor potential is important to understand the developmental process of HSCs that are also produced from HECs through intermediate precursors referred to as pre-HSCs. Both HECs and pre-HSCs show endothelial surface phenotype and require stromal support to detect their hematopoietic activity. The method utilizing stromal cell culture followed by modified semisolid clonal culture enables us to detect the number of colony forming units for B-1/B-2 progenitors originally derived from HECs/pre-HSCs, which will reflect the potential of B-1 biased or multi-lineage repopulating HSCs.
0 Q&A 5400 Views Jan 5, 2019
In vitro differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) towards blood cells constitutes a well-established system to study the endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT) at the onset of blood development. Assessing the emergence of small non-adherent round blood cells in the culture without disturbing it is essential to evaluate the progression of EHT and also to test conditions potentially enhancing or repressing this process. Here, we describe how to quantify the formation of mouse hematopoietic progenitors during EHT in normal conditions or following over-expression of eight essential transcription factors using time-lapse microscopy and image analysis.
0 Q&A 11841 Views Dec 20, 2017
Direct isolation of human neural and glioma stem cells from fresh tissues permits their biological study without prior culture and may capture novel aspects of their molecular phenotype in their native state. Recently, we demonstrated the ability to prospectively isolate stem cell populations from fresh human germinal matrix and glioblastoma samples, exploiting the ability of cells to bind the Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) ligand in fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). We demonstrated that FACS-isolated EGF-bound neural and glioblastoma populations encompass the sphere-forming colonies in vitro, and are capable of both self-renewal and multilineage differentiation. Here we describe in detail the purification methodology of EGF-bound (i.e., EGFR+) human neural and glioma cells with stem cell properties from fresh postmortem and surgical tissues. The ability to prospectively isolate stem cell populations using native ligand-binding ability opens new doors for understanding both normal and tumor cell biology in uncultured conditions, and is applicable for various downstream molecular sequencing studies at both population and single-cell resolution.
0 Q&A 8565 Views Sep 5, 2016
We developed a FISH-based method to directly assess chromosome-wide transcriptional activity, thereby enabling the visualization of the actively transcribed fraction of a chromosome at the single-cell level. We applied this method to probe the activity of X-chromosomes and its instability in the context of human embryonic stem cells and cancer cells.
3 Q&A 18084 Views May 5, 2013
This protocol describes how to use Fluidigm BiomarkTM 96.96 dynamic arrays for high-throughput expression profiling from single mouse stem cells, assaying up to 96 independent samples with up to 96 quantitative PCR (qPCR) probes (equivalent to 9,216 reactions) in a single experiment. This Dynamic Array contains a network of microfluidic channels, chambers and valves that automatically assemble all these individual PCR reactions. Single-cell profiling can provide definitive evidence of stem cell heterogeneity. Modifications are most likely needed if users intend to use BiomarkTM 48.48 Dynamic array or experimenter-designed primers in conjunction with DNA-binding dyes such as EvaGreen (Biotium 31000).
0 Q&A 20473 Views Jun 5, 2012
Pluripotency and the capability for self-renewal are essential characteristics of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), which hold great potential as a cellular source for tissue replacement. Short cell cycle (15-16 h) compared to somatic cells is another property of hESCs. Efficient synchronization of hESCs at different cell cycle stages is important to elucidate the mechanistic link between cell cycle regulation and cell fate decision. This protocol describes how to establish synchronization of hESCs at different cell cycle stages.



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