Cell Biology


Protocols in Current Issue
Protocols in Past Issues
0 Q&A 5559 Views Oct 20, 2019
Alveoli are the gas-exchange units of lung. The process of alveolar development, alveologenesis, is regulated by a complex network of signaling pathways that act on various cell types including alveolar type I and II epithelial cells, fibroblasts and the vascular endothelium. Dysregulated alveologenesis results in bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonates and in adults, disrupted alveolar regeneration is associated with chronic lung diseases including COPD and pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, visualizing alveologenesis is critical to understand lung homeostasis and for the development of effective therapies for incurable lung diseases. We have developed a technique to visualize alveologenesis in real-time using a combination of widefield microscopy and image deconvolution of precision-cut lung slices. Here, we describe this live imaging technique in step-by-step detail. This time-lapse imaging technique can be used to capture the dynamics of individual cells within tissue slices over a long time period (up to 16 h), with minimal loss of fluorescence or cell toxicity.
0 Q&A 7802 Views Sep 5, 2019
The estrous cycle provides a readout of reproductive health in female laboratory rodents, and estrous cycle stage can be an important physiological variable. Accurate assessment of estrous cycle stage is also important in producing timed pregnancies for developmental studies. Here, we provide a protocol for evaluation of estrous cycle stage through a minimally invasive procedure of acquiring cells lining the vaginal cavity and immediate microscopic visual assessment of these cells without drying or staining. When performed over several consecutive days, the pattern of progression through the four main stages of the estrous cycle, and disruptions to this pattern, can be determined. We also present software that enables more efficient cycle stage data analysis and pattern visualization. These protocols and tools will thus facilitate the incorporation of female animals in laboratory experiments and enhance the assessment of relationships between the reproductive cycle and overall physiology and behavior.

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