• Volume 9, 2019
  • Volume 8, 2018
  • Volume 7, 2017
  • Volume 6, 2016
  • Volume 5, 2015
  • Volume 4, 2014
  • Volume 3, 2013
  • Volume 2, 2012
  • Volume 1, 2011

Biophysics

Super-resolution Microscopy at Cryogenic Temperatures Using Solid Immersion Lenses Authors:  Benji C. Bateman, Laura C. Zanetti-Domingues, Amy N. Moores, Sarah R. Needham, Daniel J. Rolfe, Lin Wang, David T. Clarke and Marisa L. Martin-Fernandez, date: 11/20/2019, view: 514, Q&A: 0
Our mechanistic understanding of cell function depends on imaging biological processes in cells with molecular resolution. Super-resolution fluorescence microscopy plays a crucial role by reporting cellular ultrastructure with 20-30 nm resolution. However, this resolution is insufficient to image macro-molecular machinery at work. A path to ...
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Opto-magnetic Selection and Isolation of Single Cells Authors:  Loïc Binan, Joannie Roy and Santiago Costantino, date: 11/20/2019, view: 332, Q&A: 0
Capturing single cells from large heterogenous populations based solely on observable traits is necessary for many cell biology applications and remains a major technical challenge. The protocol we present allows the isolation of viable and metabolically active cells selected for their shape, migration speed, contact to other cells, or ...
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Cancer Biology

Isolation and Quantification of Metabolite Levels in Murine Tumor Interstitial Fluid by LC/MS Authors:  Mark R Sullivan, Caroline A Lewis and Alexander Muir, date: 11/20/2019, view: 654, Q&A: 0
Cancer is a disease characterized by altered metabolism, and there has been renewed interest in understanding the metabolism of tumors. Even though nutrient availability is a critical determinant of tumor metabolism, there has been little systematic study of the nutrients directly available to cancer cells in the tumor microenvironment. Previous ...
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Labeling and Isolation of Fluorouracil Tagged RNA by Cytosine Deaminase Expression Authors:  Harihar Basnet and Joan Massague, date: 11/20/2019, view: 242, Q&A: 0
Tissues are comprised of different cell types whose interactions elicit distinct gene expression patterns that regulate tissue formation, regeneration, homeostasis and repair. Analysis of these gene expression patterns require methods that can capture as closely as possible the transcriptomes of cells of interest in their tissue microenvironment. ...
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Developmental Biology

Measurement of Mitotic Spindle Angle and Mitotic Cell Distance in Fixed Tissue of Drosophila Larval Brains Authors:  Maribel Franco and Ana Carmena, date: 11/20/2019, view: 201, Q&A: 0
The positioning and the cleavage plane orientation of mitotic cells in pseudostratified epithelia (PSE) must be tightly regulated since failures in any of these processes might have fatal consequences during development. Here we present a simple method to determine the spindle orientation as well as the positioning of neuroepithelial mitotic cells ...
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Immunology

Bacterial Synchronized Transfer Assays in Bone Marrow Derived Macrophages Authors:  Sedelia R Dominguez, Tom Kawula and Shaun P Steele, date: 11/20/2019, view: 279, Q&A: 0
Merocytophagy (“mero”, Greek for partial; “cytophagy” for cell eating) is a process by which cells acquire microbes and cytosolic material through phagocytosis of a small portion of neighboring cells upon cell-cell contact. Cell-cell contact dependent transfer events can be assessed through co-incubation of differently labeled cells. With these ...
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Microbiology

Imaging Cryptococcus spp. Capsule by Differential Interference Contrast Microscopy Using Percoll® Authors:  Hugo Costa Paes, Stefânia de Oliveira Frazão, Maria Sueli Soares Felipe, Arturo Casadevall and André Moraes Nicola, date: 11/20/2019, view: 203, Q&A: 0
The most important virulence factor in the Cryptococcus genus is the polysaccharide capsule. This genus includes several species that cause life-threatening invasive disease. An increase in capsule thickness is important during fungal infection. The capsule is usually imaged using India ink, and crucial insights on the dynamics of its ...
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Assessing Different Ways of Bacillus subtilis Spreading over Abiotic Surfaces Authors:  Marco Bartolini and Roberto Grau, date: 11/20/2019, view: 301, Q&A: 0
Surface-associate motility on biotic and abiotic environments is a key mechanism used by the model bacterium Bacillus subtilis and its closest relatives (i.e., B. amyloliquefaciens, B. thuringiensis, B. cereus, B. pumilus) for surface colonization and spreading across surfaces. The study of ...
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Leishmania Parasite Quantification by Bioluminescence in Murine Models Authors:  Marta Reverte and Nicolas Fasel, date: 11/20/2019, view: 186, Q&A: 0
Leishmaniasis remains a major public health problem worldwide with a prevalence of 12 million, an incidence of 1 million persons, and 350 million people being at risk. Murine models have been largely used for studying the host-pathogen relationship and developing effective chemotherapies against Leishmania parasites. Thus, preclinical ...
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Molecular Biology

ELISA Based Protein Ubiquitylation Measurement Authors:  Yuka Kamada, Ryosuke Fukuda and Tsukasa Okiyoneda, date: 11/20/2019, view: 368, Q&A: 0
Ubiquitylation is a common post-translational modification of cellular proteins that results in proteasomal and lysosomal degradations. Ubiquitylation is generally measured by methods such as immunoblotting using anti-ubiquitin antibodies after isolating the protein-of-interest by denaturing immunoprecipitation. The following protocol can be used ...
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Determination of Chromatin Accessibility in Drosophila Midgut Enterocytes by in situ 5mC Labeling Authors:  Eliya Bitman-Lotan, Hector Rincon-Arano, Gal Raz and Amir Orian, date: 11/20/2019, view: 225, Q&A: 0
Regulation of gene expression involves dynamic changes in chromatin organization, where in many cases open chromatin structure correlates with gene activation. Several methods enable monitoring changes in chromatin accessibility, including ATAC-seq, FAIRE-seq, MNase-seq and DNAse-seq methods, which involve Next-generation-sequencing (NGS). ...
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Neuroscience

SarkoSpin: A Technique for Biochemical Isolation and Characterization of Pathological TDP-43 Aggregates Authors:  Manuela Pérez-Berlanga, Florent Laferrière and Magdalini Polymenidou, date: 11/20/2019, view: 526, Q&A: 0
TDP-43 is the main aggregating protein in neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Aggregated TDP-43 is resistant to diverse detergent solubilization, yet physiological TDP-43 and other abundant proteins commonly co-purify with pathological TDP-43. This mixed isolation has ...
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Gallyas Silver Impregnation of Myelinated Nerve Fibers Authors:  Sabitha Joseph, Hauke B. Werner and Judith Stegmüller, date: 11/20/2019, view: 258, Q&A: 0
In the nervous system of vertebrates, nerve impulse propagation is accelerated by the ensheathment of neuronal axons with myelin. Myelin sheaths are molecularly specialized, lipid-rich plasma membrane extensions of Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system and oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system (CNS). To visualize myelinated nerve ...
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Plant Science

Method for Assessing Virulence of Colletotrichum higginsianum on Arabidopsis thaliana Leaves Using Automated Lesion Area Detection and Measurement Authors:  Ayako Tsushima, Pamela Gan and Ken Shirasu, date: 11/20/2019, view: 551, Q&A: 0
The plant pathogenic fungus, Colletotrichum higginsianum is widely used to understand infection mechanisms, as it infects the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. To determine the virulence of C. higginsianum, several methods have been developed, such as disease reaction scoring, lesion measurement, entry rate assays, and ...
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