Protocols in Current Issue
    In vitro Auto- and Substrate-Ubiquitination Assays
    Authors:  Hye Lin Park, Han Yong Lee and Gyeong Mee Yoon, date: 04/05/2022, view: 468, Q&A: 0

    The precise regulation of the homeostasis of the cellular proteome is critical for the appropriate growth and development of plants. It also allows the plants to respond to various environmental stresses, by modulating their biochemical and physiological aspects in a timely manner. Ubiquitination of cellular proteins is one of the major

    Label-free Quantification of Direct Protein-protein Interactions with Backscattering Interferometry
    Authors:  Seher Abbas and Karl-Wilhelm Koch, date: 12/20/2021, view: 1292, Q&A: 0

    The functional performance of a cell depends on how macromolecules, in particular proteins, come together in a precise orientation, how they assemble into protein complexes and interact with each other. In order to study protein-protein interactions at a molecular level, a variety of methods to investigate these binding processes yield affinity

    Split-luciferase Complementation Imaging Assay to Study Protein-protein Interactions in Nicotiana benthamiana
    Authors:  Liping Wang, Gang Yu, Alberto P. Macho and Rosa Lozano-Durán, date: 12/05/2021, view: 1868, Q&A: 0

    The experimental identification of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is critical to understand protein function. Thus, a plethora of sensitive and versatile approaches have been developed to detect PPIs in vitro or in vivo, such as protein pull-down, yeast two-hybrid (Y2H), co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP), and bimolecular fluorescence

    Assessing the in vitro Binding Specificity of Histone Modification Reader Proteins Using Histone Peptide Arrays
    Authors:  Mark W. Soo and Arneet L. Saltzman, date: 09/20/2021, view: 1139, Q&A: 0

    In the field of chromatin biology, a major goal of understanding the roles of histone post-translational modifications is to identify the proteins and domains that recognize these modifications. Synthetic histone peptides containing one or more modifications are a key tool to probe these interactions in pull-down assays with recombinant proteins

    Intracellular IRF5 Dimerization Assay
    Authors:  Cherrie D. Sherman and Betsy J. Barnes, date: 05/20/2021, view: 3367, Q&A: 0

    The intracellular interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) dimerization assay is a technique designed to measure molecular interaction(s) with endogenous IRF5. Here, we present two methods that detect endogenous IRF5 homodimerization and interaction of endogenous IR5 with cell penetrating peptide (CPP) inhibitors. Briefly, to detect endogenous IRF5

    Native Co-immunoprecipitation Assay to Identify Interacting Partners of Chromatin-associated Proteins in Mammalian Cells
    Authors:  Afzal Husain, Nasim A. Begum, Maki Kobayashi and Tasuku Honjo, date: 12/05/2020, view: 3381, Q&A: 0

    Protein-protein interactions play key roles in nuclear processes including transcription, replication, DNA damage repair, and recombination. Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) followed by western blot or mass spectrometry is an invaluable approach to identify protein-protein interactions. One of the challenges in the Co-IP of a protein localized to

    Measurement of Protein-Protein Interactions through Microscale Thermophoresis (MST)
    Authors:  Magnez Romain, Bryan Thiroux, Morgane Tardy, Bruno Quesnel and Xavier Thuru, date: 04/05/2020, view: 4375, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] The binding interactions of PD-1 and PD-L1 have been studied by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) over the past few years, but these investigations resulted in controversy regarding the values of the dissociation constant (Kd) (Freeman et al., 2000). MST is a powerful new method for the ...
    Assessing Self-interaction of Mammalian Nuclear Proteins by Co-immunoprecipitation
    Authors:  Claudia Cattoglio, Iryna Pustova, Xavier Darzacq, Robert Tjian and Anders S. Hansen, date: 02/20/2020, view: 5094, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Protein-protein interactions constitute the molecular foundations of virtually all biological processes. Co-immunoprecipitation (CoIP) experiments are probably the most widely used method to probe both heterotypic and homotypic protein-protein interactions. Recent advances in super-resolution microscopy have revealed that several nuclear proteins ...
    Proximity Ligation Assay for the Investigation of the Intramolecular Interaction of ELMO1
    Authors:  Wai Wa Ray Chan, Dik Long Dennis Chau, Wen Li and Kwok-Fai Lau, date: 12/05/2019, view: 3156, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] Intramolecular interaction is a common mechanism that regulates protein activities. Conventionally, such interactions are investigated by classical in vitro biochemical assays. Here, we describe a protocol for studying the intramolecular interaction of cell motility and engulfment 1 (ELMO1) in mammalian cells by using proximity ligation ...
    Detection of in vivo Protein Interactions in All Bacterial Compartments by Förster Resonance Energy Transfer with the Superfolder mTurquoise2 ox-mNeongreen FRET Pair
    Authors:  Nils Y. Meiresonne, Elisa Consoli, Laureen M.Y. Mertens and Tanneke den Blaauwen, date: 12/05/2019, view: 4604, Q&A: 0
    [Abstract] This protocol was developed to qualitatively and quantitatively detect protein-protein interactions in all compartments of Escherichia coli by Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) using the Superfolder mTurquoise2 ox-mNeonGreen FRET pair (sfTq2ox-mNG). This FRET pair has more than twice the detection range for FRET ...

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