Biochemistry


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0 Q&A 3673 Views Sep 5, 2019
The architecture of quinone/inhibitor-access channel in proton-translocating NADH-quinone oxidoreductase (respiratory complex I) was modeled by X-ray crystallography and cryo-EM, however, it remains debatable whether the channel model reflects the physiologically relevant state present throughout the catalytic cycle. Using photoreactive [125I]amilorides, we demonstrated that amiloride-type inhibitors bind to the interfacial region of multiple subunits (49-kDa, ND1, PSST, and 39-kDa subunits), which is difficult to reconcile with the current channel model. This report describes the procedures for photoaffinity labeling of bovine submitochondrial particles by photoreactive [125I]amilorides. The protocol could be widely applicable for the characterization of various biologically active compounds, whose target protein remains to be identified or characterized.
0 Q&A 10942 Views Jan 20, 2017
This protocol proposes to use the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a model to screen and study the anthelmintic activity of natural and synthetic compounds and to observe their effects on the morphology and the ultrastructure of the helminths. Furthermore, C. elegans can be used to investigate the anthelmintic activity in embryonated eggs, larval stages and in the adults’ survival. As most current anthelmintics are not effective against all nematode life stages, this protocol can contribute to the identification of new alternatives to helminthic infections (Sant’Anna et al., 2016).



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