Stem Cell


Protocols in Current Issue
Protocols in Past Issues
0 Q&A 4342 Views Jun 20, 2021

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have been extensively used in the fields of developmental biology and disease modeling. CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing in iPSC lines often has a low frequency, which hampers its application in precise allele editing of disease-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), especially those in the noncoding parts of the genome. Here, we present a unique workflow to engineer isogenic iPSC lines by SNP editing from heterozygous to homozygous for disease risk alleles or non-risk alleles using a transient and straightforward transfection-based protocol. This protocol enables us to simultaneously obtain pure and clonal isogenic lines of all three possible genotypes of a SNP site within about 4 to 5 weeks.

0 Q&A 3916 Views Oct 20, 2020
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are genetically reprogrammed somatic cells that exhibit features identical to those of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Multiple approaches are available to derive iPSCs, among which the Sendai virus is the most effective at reprogramming different cell types. Here we describe a rapid, efficient, safe, and reliable approach to reprogram human fibroblasts into iPSCs that are compatible with future iPSCs uses such as genome editing and differentiation to a transplantable cell type.
0 Q&A 3793 Views Sep 20, 2020
Limbal stem cell transplantation has been used successfully to treat patients with limbal stem cell deficiency all over the world. However, long term clinical results often proved less satisfactory due to the low quality of the graft or inadequate properties of transplanted cells. To enhance the ex vivo expansion of human limbal epithelial stem or progenitor cells (LEPC) by preserving stem cell phenotype and to improve subsequent transplantation efficiency, cell-matrix interactions ex vivo should mimic the condition in vivo. The laminin isoforms preferentially expressed in the limbal niche can be used as a culture matrix for epithelial tissue engineering. We recently published the expansion of LEPC on various laminin isoforms and observed that laminin alpha 5-derived matrices support the efficient expansion of LEPC compared to tissue culture plates and other laminin isoforms by preserving stem/progenitor cell phenotype. Here, we describe an optimized protocol for the isolation of LEPC from cadaveric corneal limbal tissue by collagenase digestion and efficient expansion of LEPC using recombinant human laminin-511 E8 fragment (LN-511E8) as culture substrate.
2 Q&A 32126 Views Nov 5, 2018
Gene expression is regulated through multiple steps at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. The net abundance of mature mRNA species in cells is determined by the balance between transcription and degradation. Thus, the regulation of mRNA stability is a key post-transcriptional event that can greatly affect the net level of mRNAs in cells. The mRNA stability within cells can be measured indirectly by analyzing the mRNA half-life following transcription inhibition, where changes in mRNA levels are assumed to reflect mRNA degradation. Determination of mRNA half-life as a measure of mRNA stability is useful in understanding gene expression changes and underlying mechanisms regulating the level of transcripts at different physiological conditions or developmental stages. The protocol described here presents the analysis of mRNA decay as a measure for determining mRNA stability after transcriptional inhibition with Actinomycin D treatment in control and SRSF3 depleted mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC).
0 Q&A 7837 Views Nov 5, 2018
Mammalian cells express hundreds of RNA binding proteins (RBPs) that are essential regulators of RNA metabolism. RBP activity plays a central role in the control of gene expression programs and identification of RNA-protein interactions is critical for comprehensive understanding of gene regulation in cells. In recent years, various tools and techniques to identify these RNA-protein interactions have been developed. Among those, RNA immunoprecipitation is a precise and powerful assay that can be used to establish the physical interaction of an individual RBP with its target RNAs in vivo. Here, we describe a quantitative method for determining RNA-protein interactions using RNA immunoprecipitation (RNA-IP) assay in mouse embryonic stem cells carrying ectopically expressed mutant constructs. This protocol is reliable and easily adaptable to identify the interactions of endogenous or ectopically expressed RNAs and proteins.

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