Cell Biology


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0 Q&A 11478 Views Dec 20, 2017
Skeletal muscle provides the contractile force necessary for movement, swallowing, and breathing and, consequently, is necessary for survival. Skeletal muscle cells are unique in that they are extremely large cells containing thousands of nuclei. These nuclei must all work in concert to maintain skeletal muscle function and thereby maintain life. The nucleus is a major site of signaling integration and gene expression regulation. However, examining nuclear processes in skeletal muscle can be difficult because myonuclei are challenging to isolate. We optimized a protocol to purify myonuclei from whole muscle tissue using ultracentrifugation over a discontinuous sucrose gradient to separate the nuclear fraction. We used these purified nuclei for downstream applications including flow cytometry and mass spectrometry. We used this method to compare the myonuclear proteome of young and old mouse hindlimb muscles (Cutler et al., 2017). This protocol may be applied to isolating myonuclei for a variety of downstream analyses such as flow cytometry, microscopy, Western blot, and proteomics.

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