For the collection of information and validation of the scale we used an original scale called Cognitive Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-36), developed by Garnefski et al. (2002a) and Garnefski and Kraaij (2007), although we have finally adopted the Spanish version CERQ-s36 (long version) by Domínguez-Sánchez et al. (2011). This scale consists of 36 items presented in Likert format with five response options ranging from almost never (1) to nearly always (5). In turn, each of these 36 items is structured around nine cognitive strategies, namely: Rumination (items 3, 12, 21, and 30), Catastrophizing (items 8, 17, 26, and 35), Self-blame (items 1, 10, 19, and 28), and Other-blame (items 9, 18, 27, and 36). These first four strategies or factors would make up a meta-factor that we shall call less adaptive strategies to an emergency situation. On the other hand, we also find the strategy Putting perspectives (items 7, 16, 25, and 34), Acceptance (items 2, 11, 20, and 29), Positive refocusing (4, 13, 22, and 31), Positive reappraisal (6, 15, 24, and 33), and Refocus in Planning (5, 14, 23, and 32). These five strategies or factors, on the contrary, would form a meta-factor that we could call more adaptive strategies towards an emergency situation.

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