All the articles that met the eligibility criteria were independently assessed by two independent authors (J.L.A.P. and S.M.P.) for methodological quality with the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) Scale and for risk of bias using Cochrane Collaboration’s Risk of Bias (ROB.2.0) for RCTs and Risk of Bias in Non-randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-1) for NRCTs. Disagreements were solved by discussion including a third author (A.B.) until a consensus was reached. We classified the methodological quality as follows: ≥ 7  =  high, 5–6  =  moderate, and <5  =  low and RCTS risk of bias as “high” risk of bias, “unclear” or “low” and NRCTs as “low”, “moderate”, “serious” and “critical”.

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