After obtaining the approval of the University Ethics Committee, the researcher explained the participants the objectives of the study, and the written consent forms were collected from the participants. The patients were asked to complete the diet questionnaires at the baseline and 8 weeks after being discharged (postintervention). Blood pressure, waist measurement, and BMI were measured by the researcher at the same time; however, domestic PA was only assessed 8 weeks after being discharged.

The intervention for the experimental group included routine hospital education and self-management program which contained three 40–45-min face-to-face teaching sessions held during the patients' hospitalization, at discharge time, and 1 week after being discharged from the hospital. Furthermore, the researcher made three phone calls in 2, 4, and 6 weeks after being discharged. It must be mentioned that the control group only received routine hospital education.

In the first and second sessions of self-management program, the participants were taught about the MI-related risk factors and disease control strategies. In the third session, the patients were asked to write down their specific goals regarding the reduction of MI risk factors and were submitted a booklet containing information on how to modify MI risk factors. The physician took part in this session and answered the patients' questions. At the end of this session, the patients were encouraged to stick essential preventive messages on the refrigerator and complete their diaries (PA) every day after being discharged. Follow-ups were made by three phone calls. All the patients referred 8 weeks after discharge to be reassessed in terms of MI risk factors.

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