The Vinchiana fire occurred in Italy, in the Tuscany region (Figure 2e–h), and was reported on the 8th of August 2018 and burned 3.6 hectares. The fire started in the cultivated area and spread to the woods with a canopy burning path [71]. The propagation of fire was stopped upslope on the crest line, while its lateral extent was limited due to the intervention of fire fighters and the steep lateral valley lines [71]. Fortunately, the fire did not cause any life loss and spared the local houses.

The geology of the area is characterized by the Macigno Formation, a siliciclastic sandstone classified as graywacke, draped on top by Holocene eluvial and colluvial deposits farmed with olive tree cultivations and deciduous forests. The hill portion affected by fire has a general aspect-oriented S to W, with an average slope of 16°. The average annual temperature is 13.9 °C and the rainfall averages 1089 mm classified as Csa by the Köppen–Geiger system [72].

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