The software programs SPSS (Version 26, IBM Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) and GraphPad Prism version 5.0 (GraphPad Software Inc., San Diego, CA, USA) were used to perform statistical analyses on the data. Data was expressed as mean ± SD for all data except insulin secretion data which was expressed as mean ± SEM. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare all values which was followed by Tukey’s and Games–Howell post hoc tests. Values before and after SGID were compared using students t-tests.

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