CW fiber-coupled infrared diode lasers (MDL-F-808; CNI Optoelectronics; Changchun, China) with a nominal power of 2.2 W and emission wavelength of 808 nm were used. A multimode fiber with a core diameter of 400 μm was used to couple the laser with a collimating spherical lens (FOC-01-B, CNI Optoelectronics; Changchun, China), producing a spot size of 6.5 mm at a distance of 10 cm, matching the single well diameter (for 96-well plate). The laser irradiation comes from the top and is perpendicular to the multiwell plate.

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