Patients used an elbow splint with controlled range of motion, allowing free flexion but locked at 90° of flexion to protect bony structure and ligament repair. Patients were encouraged to perform hand, wrist, and elbow exercises since the day after the surgery using the elbow splint with controlled range. Patients started active assisted exercises and overhead rehabilitation after being discharged from the hospital. Two weeks after surgery, patients started exercises assisted by a physical therapist. The objective is to achieve a progressive extension of 10° per week until full extension is reached. If patients had an extension stiffness at the 6th week, a fixed extension brace was used during nights. If a flexion stiffness was present at the same week, a dynamic (elastic band) flexion orthosis was daily used.

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