All patients were evaluated clinically and radiologically. The injury mechanism, neurovascular, and soft-tissue status were taken from our clinical data. Anteroposterior- and lateral-view x-ray and computed tomography scan with 3-dimensional reconstruction were performed after elbow reduction in the emergency room. The Mason classification5 was used for radial head fracture and O'Driscoll classification for coronoid fractures.19

Injuries were classified by three shoulder and elbow surgeons as per the type of coronoid fracture pattern, radial head injuries, ligament injuries, and direction of the dislocation when available, as shown in Figure 1. If a different type of classification was found among observers, coronoid fracture type was used as the most important part to classify the injuries.

Complex elbow dislocations patterns after primary or spontaneous reduction (x-ray/3D CT). (A) Posterolateral fracture dislocation in valgus (PLRV) or terrible triad with a comminuted radial head and coronoid tip fracture. (B) Posteromedial rotary in varus (PMRV) with an anteromedial facet fracture. (C) Transulnar (basal coronoid) fracture dislocation (TUFD) with a fracture of the greater sigmoid notch and base of the coronoid process. 3D, 3-dimensional; CT, computed tomography.

Surgery was performed within the first 2 weeks after the accident, depending on the conditions of soft tissue, comorbidities, and clinical evolution of the patient.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.