Questionnaires in Swahili language were used for data collection. The questionnaire had 2 sections; section one included socio-demographic information such as age, education status and marital status. Section two included information on risk factors for DM such as HIV status, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and participants’ family history of DM. Smoking was categorised as ever smoke or never smoke in life time, alcohol was categorised as ever drink or never drink in a life time and family history of DM involved asking if there is a first degree relative with DM, information about HIV status of the newly diagnosed and under medication participants were retrospectively obtained from the TB registry book in every clinic, DM was measured using a glucometer ACCU-CH-EK Active Glucose Monitoring System (Roche Diabetes care Inc. Indian) A blood sample was collected through a finger prick and dropped on a glucometer to give a reading. Information concerning socio demographic and associated factors was collected by using a pre-tested standard questionnaire administered by trained research assistants.

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