Two reviewers (A.V.C. and J.H.), used the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1), a 93-item coding framework [12], to independently code BCTs present in included studies that measured PA as an outcome of using a wearable (effectiveness studies). Behaviour change techniques present in the wearable, partnering app/online dashboard, and additional study/intervention components were coded. Control and comparator groups of effectiveness studies were also coded for BCTs. Each BCT was coded as present beyond all reasonable doubt (++), present in all probability (+), or absent (−), as recommended by Michie et al. ([12,42], https://www.bct-taxonomy.com/; accessed on 1 June 2020). Techniques were coded as present beyond all reasonable doubt (++) if the study authors provided detailed evidence that the BCT was applied to the target behaviour and population and explained how the BCT was used to promote PA. Techniques were coded as present in all probability (+) if there was mention of the BCT being used without detailed explanation of how the BCT was used, there was some evidence that the BCT was utilised without explicit mention of the BCT by the study authors, or if the wearable(s) had a BCT present, as stated in the study or by manufacturers, using official websites and device manuals, but it was unclear from the study whether they were utilised. The frequency and duration of BCT use/delivery was not coded.

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