The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) (Kovacs & Beck, 1977) is a widely used 27-item measure of depressive symptoms within the last two weeks for children ages 7–17. Each symptom is presented with three options (e.g., I am sad once in a while / many times / all the time); higher scores indicate greater depressive symptoms. The CDI has demonstrated good discriminant validity and reliability in children (Knight, Hensley, & Waters, 1988), and showed good internal consistency in the current sample (α= .85).

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