Socioeconomic status was assessed with three items. First, participants reported their annual household income on a scale from “Less than $10,000” to “$100,000” in $10,000 increments (e.g., $30,000–$39,999). For analyses, income was dichotomized such that 0 = less than $50,000 and 1 = $50,000 or higher. Participants also reported their highest level of completed education, ranging from “Did not complete high school” to “Professional degree (MD, DDS., JD, etc.) or doctoral degree (PhD).” For analyses, education was dichotomized such that 0 = less than bachelor’s degree and 1 = bachelor’s degree or higher. Finally, participants reported their subjective social status on a scale from 1 to 10 using the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status [74]. Each indicator of socioeconomic status was included separately as a covariate in the full path model analysis.

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