Participants self-identified their race with the option to specify their origin (e.g., if a participant identified as American Indian, they were able to specify Navajo Nation) although national origin categories were collapsed by race for analyses (e.g., if participant identified as Japanese, they were coded as Asian). Participants were also asked to specify whether or not they identified as Hispanic/Latinx and, if so, specify their origin (e.g., Puerto Rican). Individuals who identified with multiple racial identities were coded in accordance with the algorithm developed by the Census Bureau and used by the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III) for coding multiracial individuals with the exception of the coding of Hispanic/Latinx individuals [73]. White and Black participants were separated by Hispanic/Latinx ethnic identity, but other racial groups were not due to low frequencies, and participants who identified with another race and Hispanic/Latinx identity were coded only as the race they reported for the purposes of this study (e.g., Asian and Hispanic/Latinx were coded as Asian).

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