Based on estimates from previous studies, a minimum sample size of 200 participants was required for both male and female samples when conducting confirmatory factor analyses (Kline, 2016). Data was collected according to pre-screening for another study between March 2017 to November 2020, and subsequently, data collection continued until the sample size for that study was reached. A total of 1924 university students and people from the wider community took part in this study. Five participants were under 18, four did not give consent for their data to be used, 365 participants did not fully complete all surveys, and 451 duplicate responses were excluded. The number of duplicate responses is attributable to combining two testing timepoints from the same university. Further, two random responders were removed through examination of scores on scales with reverse scored items and corroborated via examination of consecutive strings of identical responses on other scales. Thus, 1097 participants (females: N = 882, females: Mage = 24.54, SD = 8.73, males: Mage = 24.88, SD = 8.15; total sample: Mage = 24.61, SD = 8.61, total sample range: 18–64, 78.9% Caucasian, 11.8% Asian, 5.3% Other Ethnicity, 2.3% African, 1.0% Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander, 0.7% Hispanic, Latino or of Spanish origin) from Murdoch University took part in this study for partial course credit or the chance to win a gift card. Ethics approval was acquired from Murdoch University before data collection.

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