Evaluation of body composition included body weight, height and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA, BIA 101 Anniversary, Akern srl, Florence, Italy). Skeletal Muscle Index (SMI) was calculated using the pre-established formula for the respective device (29, 30). Individuals with reduced muscle mass were identified according to the EWGSOP threshold for sarcopenia (31), that is, low muscle mass was defined by an SMI ≤ 10.75 kg/m2. Obesity was defined using the WHO BMI cutoff at ≥ 30 kg/m2.

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