Participants were recruited through flyers posted at public institutions (e.g., medical centers) and by advertisements in the local newspaper. Fifty-one community-dwelling healthy older adults (24 men, 27 women) between the ages of 60 and 72 years provided their written informed consent to participate in this study after experimental procedures were explained. The participants’ baseline characteristics are presented in Table 1. None of the participants had any history of diagnosed neurological (e.g., Parkinson disease) or orthopedic (e.g., joint replacement) disorders that might have affected their ability to perform home-based balance exercises conducted during daily tooth brushing or to perform tests for the assessment of balance and muscle strength. The participants were capable of walking independently without any assistive device and they had no prior experience with the applied tests or exercises. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (INT) or a passive control group (CON).

Group-specific characteristics of the study participants (N = 51)

Notes: Values are means and standard deviations in parenthesis. INT intervention group (i.e., tooth brushing in combination with balance exercises); CON passive control group (i.e., tooth brushing only); BMI body mass index; CDT Clock Drawing Test; MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination; FQoPA Freiburg questionnaire of physical activity; f female; m male

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