Demographics, clinical data, and treatment details were obtained from electronic medical records. Demographic information at diagnosis included age, sex, body mass index, and smoking status. Clinical information included pathologic stages, based on the American Joint Committee on Cancer, 7th Edition 29, histology (adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and others), largest tumor size, and lobar location. Treatment information included extent of lung resection (limited resection, lobectomy, bilobectomy, or pneumonectomy), use of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and adjuvant treatment.

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