To address the research goals, we designed and implemented a pilot study. The study population was composed of adult patients presenting to the Department of Otorhinolaryngology for evaluation and management of nasal obstruction between 01/01/2019 and 31/12/2019. To be included in the study sample, patients had to be scheduled for septoplasty along with preoperative digital volume tomography (DVT) and preoperative AAR. Patients were excluded if sinus opacification or tumors were present. For this pilot study, we retrospectively selected five patients using our operation management software (MyMedis; Getinge, Rastatt, Germany). Starting from the last subject operated upon the study period, we sought applicable subjects going backwards in time and stopped after selecting five subjects. Septal deviation was documented after a consultation of the surgery reports.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This research study was conducted retrospectively from data obtained for clinical purposes. Informed consent was available for each patient as a part of a broad institutional-patient consent that was signed before treatment.

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