Studies reporting the level of self-care practice and/or a variety of factors associated with hypertension self-care practice in Ethiopia were systematically searched from electronic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, HENARI, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, African Journals, and university repositories. Additionally, the reference list of established articles was searched to identify additional literature. Studies reporting the level of self-care practice and/or recommended lifestyle among hypertensive patients in Ethiopia were included in the final meta-analysis. Searching was conducted using the following keywords: prevalence, adherence, hypertensive self-care, salt reduction, physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, weight reduction, and medication adherence. The keywords were combined using “AND” and “OR” Boolean operators. The searching date was from November 01, 2020, to December 20, 2020, and articles accessed until December 25, 2020, were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The preferred reporting item for the systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline was used to report this systematic review and meta-analysis [29].

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