The HWE for control subjects of each studies was evaluated by conducting a chi-square test, and P < .05 was seen as significant disequilibrium. Odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated to evaluate the association between IL-8-251 A/T polymorphism and the risk or mortality of sepsis. The pooled ORs were executed for homozygote comparison, dominant and recessive models, allele comparison and heterozygote comparison. The heterogeneity was calculated by performing the χ2-based I2 test and the Q test. The fixed-effect model (the Mantel-Haenszel method) was chosen when the I2 value is <50%. Although the I2 is >50%, a random-effects model (DerSimonian and Laird method) was adopted. All of the statistical analyses were conducted by the STATA 16.0 (StataCorp, College Station, TX), and the P values were 2-sided. 2.5.6. Subgroup analysis

In the analysis on sepsis risk, subgroup analyses based on age group, ethnicity, restricted healthy controls were performed. Subgroup analysis on age and ethnicity in the mortality analysis was also made.

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