This is a cross-sectional study conducted with HCWs in Ghana (i.e., nurses, physicians, and allied health workers) from April 17th, 2020 to May 31st, 2020. We used a convenience sampling approach to recruit HCWs virtually through advertising on diverse online and social media platforms (WhatsApp, Facebook, and direct messaging), and invited them to complete a self-administered online survey through a link in the ad. Eligibility criteria was identifying as a HCW based in Ghana. To maximize representativeness in our sample, we disseminated survey links to Facebook and WhatsApp pages of different professional groups, graduation year groups, and regional groups of HCWs, as well as to leaders of professional organizations and Ghana Health Service directors to share with members of their groups. No incentives were provided, and respondents had the option of skipping questions. The survey was conducted in English and included questions on demographics, perceived preparedness, stress, burnout, and other questions relevant to the pandemic response. The survey was pretested with 10 HCWs in Ghana by sending them the link to complete the survey and provide feedback. Feedback from the pretest was used to finalize the survey. Providers consented to the study by completing the survey. A total of 646 HCWs started the survey (i.e., answered the first question in the survey). Additional study methods can be found in a prior manuscript on HCWs’ perceived preparedness to respond to COVID-19 [41].

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