Informal caregivers were asked whether they are able to implement the following recommended COVID-19 measures into domestic nursing care; two answer categories were possible: (1) very well/fairly well and (2) not very well/not at all well. 1) Informing yourself about the latest official hints and recommendations on how to behave in the coronavirus situation; 2) Avoiding direct contact to other people outside your own household as far as possible; 3) Avoiding physical contact with the care receiver as far as possible (e.g., hugging, kissing or touching hands); 4) Washing your hands thoroughly with soap before and after direct contact with the care receiver; 5) Not touching your own face; 6) Explaining the coronavirus situation to the care receiver and/or reassuring them; 7) Wearing a face mask when close in contact to the care receiver, e.g. for personal hygiene; 8) Shifting contact to the care receiver increasingly to phone calls or video calls. The score ranges from 8 to 16 with higher results indicating more problems with implementation of COVID-19 measures.

Informal caregivers were asked to state whether in each of the following cases a coronavirus-related change occurred for their care recipient on a 3-point scale: no change (0), decreased (1), has stopped completely (2). The items covered support by 1) other family members or friends; 2) neighbors; 3) ambulatory care service; 4) day care; 5) a 24 h-care worker from Germany; 6) a 24 h-care worker from abroad; 7) other health services (e.g., chiropody); 8) family physician, and 9) other helpers [8, 27]. The score ranges from 0 to 18 with higher results indicating more loss of support due to COVID-19.

Informal caregivers were asked whether they agree with the following statements (strongly agree/somewhat agree/somewhat disagree/strongly disagree). The items were 1) I feel that I have access to good public information about coronavirus in Germany; 2) I feel that I can understand the public information about coronavirus and 3) I feel that I can implement the public recommendations on coronavirus effectively in the care situation. The score ranges from 3 to 6 with higher results indicating more problems with provision, comprehension & practicability of COVID-19 information.

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