The SDM-Q-9 was compiled by the German scholar Kriston et al,18 and its Chinese version was used to measure patients’ perception of SDM in the home- and exercise-based CR program.19 The questionnaire consists of 9 items, ranging from “completely disagree” (0) to “completely agree” (5). The original score ranges from 0 to 45. The higher the score, the better the SDM level.

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