The sample population was recruited at different times among admitted neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit of Debre Markos comprehensive specialized hospital. The trained data collectors recruited every fourth neonate among admitted neonates daily during the recruitment period. The data collectors registered the time and date of admission for those recruited neonates after they obtained written consent from mothers/guardians. These neonates were closely followed from their time of admission until they develop jaundice, discharge secondary to recovery, discharge to the pediatric ward after 28 days, and the end of the study period (June 30/2020). Those study participants who were developing jaundice during their follow-up period were considered as developing jaundice (event) but those neonates who were transferred to the pediatric ward after 28 days, discharging secondary to recovery without developing jaundice, and still admitted to NICU at the end of the study period were considered as censored. The time to develop jaundice among admitted neonates was calculated by subtracting time and date of admission from the time and date of discharge.

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