We used Lincoln and Guba’s criterion to ensure trustworthiness (credibility, transferability, dependability and confirmability).45 Conclusions of the study analysis were ensured by several techniques to try to reduce bias. Firstly, we confirmed the data source by conducting voice-recorded interview with neutral attitude, and using a full interview transcript. Secondly, data were analyzed separately by two researchers from different disciplines and places within the research laboratory. Then, researchers examined the themes without any prior information or personal bias. Finally, analysis was discussed by all of the researchers. We did not validate written transcribed interviews with the participants because we had not asked for a specific ethics approval to contact participants again after the study. Furthermore, the interviews sometimes brought up painful memories, and we considered making these individuals live these moments again to be potentially harmful. Nevertheless, during the interviews, the researchers made sure to repeat their questions and rephrase the participant answers several times to ensure mutual understanding of the meaning of the questions and answers.

Note: The content above has been extracted from a research article, so it may not display correctly.



Q&A
Please log in to submit your questions online.
Your question will be posted on the Bio-101 website. We will send your questions to the authors of this protocol and Bio-protocol community members who are experienced with this method. you will be informed using the email address associated with your Bio-protocol account.



We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. By using our website, you are agreeing to allow the storage of cookies on your computer.