Before the interview period, a semi-structured interview guide was created (Table 2) using a framework developed by the project group members. The group included a public health physician and a social psychologist based in metropolitan France as well a Doctor of Sociology and a PhD student in health sciences with a background in sociology and qualitative research, who were based in Lamentin, Martinique. The first 5 interviews were conducted together by the Health sciences PhD student (RC) and the sociologist (SD), who has strong experience working with the target population. Further interviews were conducted by RC alone. Interviews were conducted with an open attitude, using an exploratory approach. They began with a broad question about the experience of the living environment

We would like to exchange with you about your life since you asked for home services/began living with the foster care family/entered this institution, about the reasons that led you to these changes, and how you experienced these changes.

Semi-Structured Interview Guide

Researchers used rephrasing and probing questions throughout the interview to guide and encourage participants to talk about different elements of their experience and their perceptions.38 With the permission of the participants, interviews were voice recorded using a digital recorder and then fully transcribed.

The interviews were carried out until data saturation, which was reached when the reading of the interviews did not reveal any new elements.39–41

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